Archives October 2012

Self-educated, self-made, he echoes the poor-boy-made-good theme in American politics. His rise from obscurity to fame is tremendous. Scholars rank him among the top three US Presidents, with most of these surveys placing him at number one. Truly, Abraham Lincoln had the charisma to let the world fall at his feet. Born on February 12, 1809 to Thomas Lincoln and Nancy Hanks, two uneducated farmers in Kentucky, young Lincoln had humble roots. His parents belonged to a Baptist church and had pulled away from a larger church because they refused to support slavery. Thus, from a very young age he-was exposed to anti-slavery sentiment. As a youth, he ridiculed religion. His formal education consisted of about 18 months of schooling from unofficial teachers. In effect, he was self-educated, studying every book he could borrow. He once walked 20 miles just to borrow one book! His favourite book was 'The life more...

Introduction. April 3, 1984 will be considered as red letter day in the space hovel history of India. On this day our Squadron Leader Rakesh Sharma, a test pilot of Indian Army became the firsts pace Man of this great country, He along with two Soviet men voyaged into Space on Soyuz T-II speech ship which was hurled into space from Bikaner commodore in the Soviet Union. The rocket had three Stages and it weighed.300 tones.  It was blasted off into space at 6.30 p.m. (1ST) on April.3, 1984 Yuri Gagarin’s hope. Yuri Gagarin, the lather of space flight when visited India in 1972, expressed his hope that a day would come when the family cosmonauts would be joined by a citizen of India. His Hope came true alter a lapse of "about 22 years. The cosmonaut is Soyuz T-II. Rakesh Sharma, Malyshev and Strakalove were launched into orbit abroad more...

"My father will get ahead of me in everything, and will leave nothing great for me to do". These were little Alexander's words when he came to know about the conquests of his father, the king Philip of Macedonia. Action and glory, rather than pleasure and wealth, were what Alexander wanted from life. Fame was his passion. One of the greatest generals in history, Alexander conquered much of what was then the civilized world. He was born in Pella, Macedonia. His mother was Olympias. She was brilliant and hot-tempered and the young Alexander inherited the best qualities of both his parents. He was ambitious and carried a copy of 'Illiad' with him. The hero Achilles in the story became Alexander's model. Even as a boy Alexander was fearless and strong. He tamed the beautiful and spirited Bucephalus, a horse that no one else dared to touch or ride. His father more...

Introduction. God sent Adam with very few needs and strong Limbs to fulfill those needs. As time passed and civilization advanced, Man found himself more and more aloof from nature, lazy and Luxurious and utterly dependent on machines. And machines need Energy. Increasing demand for energy. In the industrially advanced World of today, the demand for energy is increasing every day. We have machines and factories, buses, cars, trains and planes and ships and sub-marines. Energy is needed to run them- But this is not all. Man has grown so lazy that he does not like even to wind his watch. So energy is being used for running clocks and watches, typewriters, Shaving razors and many more things. Sources energy. Wood later on coal was the first source of Energy. Then came oil and passing through the stage of atomic energy Man is now looking forward to solar energy. Energy more...

A benevolent and wise ruler, a man of novel ideas, a sound judge of character, and tolerant to the core—these are some among many adjectives used to describe the Greatest of the Mughal emperors. Born on October 15, 1542 to Humayun and Hamida Banu Begum who were in exile, Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar spent his early childhood away from the splendour of the court. He spent his youth learning to hunt, run and fight, but he never learnt to read or write. Bat his fortunes were about to change soon. Following the chaos over the succession of Islam Shah (Sher Shah's son), Humayun reconquered Delhi in 1555. Only a few months later, Humayun died in an accident. Akbar succeeded his father on Feb 14, 1556, while in. the midst of a war against Sikandar Shah for the reclamation of the throne. Here, in Kalanaur, the 13 year old Akbar donned a more...

Introduction. The drafts of Seventh Five Year Plan was Considered and approved by the National Development Council in its Two days' meeting held on November 9-10. 1985 under the Chairmanship of Prime Minister. Shri Rajiv Gandhi. The Plan was Adopted by the NDC envisaged a total investment of Rs. 322,366 crore Over the plan period 1985-90. Resources of the Plan. The Plan is to be financed by domestic Savings of Rs. 302,366 crore estimated at 1984 prices and inflow of Funds from abroad lo the extent of Rs. 20,000 crore. Thus nearly 94 Percent of the total Investment will be met from domestic resources. Total outlay for the public sector.  The total public sector outlay For the Plan is Rs. 180,000 crore at 1984-85 prices. Of the total outlay, of Rs.180, 000 crore, Rs. 95534 crore is for the central sector the Balance of Rs. 80,698 crore in the Stales more...

In the annals of the world history, there have been many kings but none greater than Ashoka. Popularly known as 'Devanampriya Priyadarsi' (He who is the beloved of the gods and who regards everyone amiably), he reigned over most of India, South Asia and beyond. His story tells us that religion can act as a powerful force for redemption of a human being. According to Buddhist traditions, Ashoka was born as the son of the Mauryan emperor Bindusara by a relatively lower ranked queen named Dharma. But defying all odds, young Ashoka excelled in the military and academic disciplines. There was a great deal of sibling rivalry, especially between Ashoka and his brother Susima, both as warriors and administrators. An impeccable warrior general and a shrewd statesman, Ashoka was very popular. His growing popularity made his elder brothers wary of his chances of being favoured by Bindusara to become the more...

Introduction. (Brief history) The Union Carbide of India Limited was founded on Dersa road in the North of Bhopal in 1969. The carbonisation Unit was started in 1977. The M.I.C. plant was installed in 1980. Many mishaps of firing and leakage in the factory. This factory had already suffered many mishaps of firing and leakage of poisonous Gas in the past years too. Every lime it was declared that victims Alone were responsible for their deaths. It was an uninhabited place at that time, but now it is a thickly populated area. Signs of permanent danger. This plan was showing permanent Danger. But it could no he easily shed else-where since its Construction cost had cost Rs. 28 crores. The American Company too was quite often approached and made aware of the impending Disaster but no result Description of the great tragedy. (1) how the tragedy happened. The Deadly M.I.C. gas more...

Few doubt his ability as an economist and administrator. He is credited with the resurrection of the Indian economy during its worst financial crisis. India's architect of reforms, he is the country's 15th Prime Minister, and the first Sikh Prime Minister of the country. Who else can it be except the accomplished Manmohan Singh? Born on 26 September 1932 in Gah, Punjab, (now in district Chakwal, Pakistan) his past reflects a man risen from the grassroots. His success is built on dedication and merit, overcoming all odds. Singh is an economist by profession, and has formerly served in the International Monetary Fund (IMF). He is also known as an unassuming politician, enjoying a formidable, highly respected and admired image. He served as the governor of the Reserve Bank of India from 1982 to 1985, and was elevated to the position of the Finance Minister in 1991 by the then Prime more...

Introduction - It seems that India is destined to suffer- After many horrible events under the foreign rule we hoped to have relief alter Independence. But our expectation proved false and due to wrong Notions and erroneous actions of our leaders the country has known No peace. There has been periodical Hindu-Muslim riots and other. Tragedies like one In Assam. But the worst tragedy look place in Punjab-It has been shedding the blood of the Innocent people for no Fault of theirs. Akali’s Mocha in Punjab. The Alkalis are doing their best to continue their morcha in Punjab which is not many years old. Alkalis repeatedly announced to keep U peaceful but Late Shri H.S. Longowal continued his agitation. Killing of innocent people Especially Nirankari was a part of the agitation. It broke the age old relations of both the communities, Hindus and Sikhs in the stale. The Murder of more...


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