Archives September 2013

National Talent Search Examination (NTSE) is a national-level scholarship program in India to identify and recognize students with high intellect and academic talent. It is one of the most prestigious exams in India. The scheme is open to students of Indian nationality. Only students studying in Class X are eligible to appear for the selection process. As it is organized by an official body (NCERT), it is widely regarded by the Government of India as the toughest and most prestigious examination in the country. Qualifying students were awarded the scholarships on the basis of a written examination, a project report and an interview. The written examination comprised the Science Aptitude Test and an essay on a given scientific theme. The candidates were to submit the project report at the time of the written examination. A stipulated number of candidates selected on the basis of those three components were then subjected to personal interviews. The performance more...

NEET is an acronym for National Eligibility cum engineering test.  The Medical Council of India and the Dental Council of India have notified that the Central Board of Secondary Education shall be the organization to conduct the National Eligibility cum Engineering test for admission to MBBS and BDS courses. The responsibility of CBSE is limited to the conduct of the entrance examination, declaration of the result and providing the merit list to the Counselling Authorities. NEET is another sort of medical entrance exam conducted all over India for the students. StudyAdda prepares the students for all the examinations that are conducted all over India. The NEET study packages on StudyAdda have been proving highly beneficial to all the students. NEET study packages make students to work a lot on their brains and this brain storming helps students capable enough to answer any kind of questions. The students who solve these more...

The ancient Chinese were technologically and culturally advanced. Between 3950 and 1700 B.C.E, the people of the Yang-shao culture farmed pigs, grew wheat and millet, made highly specialized tools, and produced painted pottery. They also produced pottery instruments called lings, which became the first tuned bells. One of the earliest examples of these clay bells is a small red ling uncovered at an excavation site in the Henan Province of central China. Later, during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, the Chinese made bells from metal and decorated them with intricate designs. Bells came to play an important part in culture by the fifth century B.C.E., when sets of bronze bells were used in ritual ceremonies for musical accompaniment.- Large, clapperless bells known as zhong were sometimes struck with mallets. It is said that these represented the sound of the Autumn Equinox, when all the crops had been harvested—in Chinese, the more...

To spread panic and horrify people is known as terrorism. It has become a worldwide phenomenon. Many countries encourage terrorism in other countries for their political gains. We can have an example of Pakistan, which is helping terrorism in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. The countries give them training and   Sophisticated deadly arms for their wicked acts. Terrorists kill innocent people mercilessly the idea behind it are to spread panic among people and cripple government machinery. Thus terrorism is a vicious circle which can ruin a country. In India there is terrorism in eastern states also. Some separatist groups are also adopting terrorism   for acceptance of their demands by the government. The terrorist activities in our country had already taken the precious lives of our two Prime Ministers, Smt. Indira Gandhi and Sh. Rajiv Gandhi With Pakistan's collusion terrorists created a havoc in Bombay  in the recent past. more...

The textile industry was one of the cornerstones of Britain's Industrial Revolution. The production process had changed little in centuries: yarn was spun skillfully on a human-powered wheel. Invariably performed by women and young children, it was hard work and provided little in the way of reward. By the middle of the eighteenth century, as the demand for textiles for export grew, labor-saving devices enabling yarn to be spun at greater speed began to emerge. The two most significant developments were the water frame and the spinning jenny. The water frame used the principles of the water wheel to power the spinning frame, thus dramatically reducing the amount of human effort required; the spinning jenny, a multispool spinning wheel, boosted output by enabling a single worker to operate up to eight spools at once. In 1779 the inventor Samuel Crompton (1753-1827) combined the main features of both, creating the spinning more...

"Regardless of our ancestral heritage, we're all descended from flintnappers." Bert Mathews, sharp stone maker The use of stone instruments more than two million years ago heralded what we call the Stone Age and the very origins of humankind. While it is impossible to date when distinctly worked (rather than simply found) stone blades first appeared in the world, it seems to have occurred circa 30,000 B.C.E. The technique that evolved to create sharp stones is now called lithic reduction. This involves the use of an implement (made of stone itself or of wood or bone) to strike a stone block in order to break off flakes. Such flakes will be naturally sharp and can be turned into a range of useful tools and weapons such as scrapers, scythes, knives, arrow heads, or spear points. Some early toolmakers may also have used what was left of the stone block to more...

The world has produced many great leaders like Abraham Lincoln, Churchill, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi,  awahar Lal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Yasser Arafat etc. All these leaders have influenced the people of the world to a great-extent  with their high ideas and wonderful leadership quality. Among these leaders Dr. S. Radhakrishnan occupies a very high rank, whose Indian as well as Western philosophy made him a world fame philosopher. He was a real embodiment of the principle of simple living and high thinking. His saintly life and his deep knowledge have influenced me a lot. Born on September, 1888, in Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Radhakrishnan got his education at Velour, Madras, etc. He started his career as lecturer and soon got the professorship. He was very popular among his students. When he took up  the teaching job at Oxford, England, somebody remarked that he could emulate America's Wood-row Wilson's rise from professorship more...

"Fair is foul and foul is fair; Hover through the fog and filthy air." William Shakespeare, Macbeth A hovercraft—also known as an Air Cushion Vehicle (ACV)—floats on a cushion of air, the air being pumped under it by a large dueled centrifugal fan. It is amphibious and can be driven across relatively flat land for loading purposes, and then across reasonably calm water. As the cushion of air greatly reduces drag, the craft can travel across water at high speed. Sir Christopher Cockerell (1910-1999) designed the first commercial hovercraft, the Saunders Roe Nautical One (SRN1). He conceived the idea in 1953, but it was not until June 1959 that his three-man craft—traveling at about 29 miles (46 km) per hour—was first tested. Cockerell decided to pump air into a narrow tunnel around the circumference of the craft. The air then escaped towards the center, where it built up a high- more...

The largest machine built by man, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is a particle accelerator occupying an enormous circular tunnel some 17 miles (27 km) in circumference, ranging from 165 to 575 feet (50-175 m) below ground. Situated near Geneva, it is so large that over the course of its circumference it crosses the border between France and Switzerland four times. The tunnel itself was constructed between 1983 and 1988 to house another particle accelerator, the Large Electron-Positron Collider, which operated until 2000. Its replacement, the LHG.-was approved in 1995, and was finally switched on in September 2008. The LHC is the most powerful particle accelerator ever built and has been designed to explore the limits of what physicists refer to as the Standard Model, which deals with fundamental sub-atomic particles. The machine uses magnets capable of accelerating protons to near the speed of light, so they can complete a more...

Technology is knowledge of the process and techniques that transforms the abstract ideas of scientists and mathematicians into a concrete reality. It is the knowhow that enables us to extract the raw materials and then convert them into fuel, steel, chemicals, plastics and food. Technology is also concerned with perfection of industrial processes, mass production and automation. The advancing technology implies pollution, the exhaustion of natural resources and the lack of  workers' satisfaction in automated factories. Hence, technology is a two-edged weapon. The chemical industry has grown a lot during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It turned natural rubber into a material that is to be used on an industrial scale. New discoveries like plastic, artificial fibers and synthetics were made. Dynamos and electric motors gave fillip to technological development. Henry Ford added a new dimension to industrial technology. These development in technology led to serious problems of unemployment, squandering more...


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