10th Class Computers IT Basics E-mail

E-mail

Category : 10th Class

*    E-mail

 

 

E-mail (Electronic mail) is a digital correspondence that provides the facility to send and receive text messages, picture files and any other file to and from anyone with an e-mail address. E- mail is fast, easy and inexpensive. Email is a formal conversation. It should be point to point and well written. In current market are many service providers who provides free e-mail services on the Internet, such as www.gmail.com, www.yahoo.com, www.hotmail.com and www.msn.com. The first part of the address is a user name. The second part or domain name defines the Internet provider where the mail is sent. The two parts are separated by an @ sign (pronounced as "at the rate of"). The domain name is followed by an extension that indicates the type of organization to which the network belongs.  

 

 

* The following is an example of an email address:

steve@gmail.com

 

* To send mail: 

  • Start your e-mail program and click the Compose New message option. Depending on your e-mail program, the name of this button may vary.
  • In the To text box, type the address of the recipient or click on a name in the address book.
  • Type a short description of your e-mail on the subject line.
  • Click the message area and type your message.
  • Click Send to send the message.  

 

 

* Introduction to Microsoft Internet Explorer

IE (Internet Explorer) is one of the most popular Internet browsers that was developed by Microsoft. The first version of IE was IE1 that was launched in 1995.Microsoft continually works on the enhancement of IE. Currently Microsoft is working on IE 9. The IE 8 is the latest version of IE. The IE2, IE3, IE4, IE5, IE6 and IE 7 are the older versions of IE.  

 

 

* Internet Tools

The following are the some popular Internet tools

  • FTP (File Transfer Protocol)
  • Newsreader
  • Telnet
  • Videoconferencing  

 

*  FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

It is a method that is used to transfer files from one networked computer to another. There are two ways to ftp files privately and anonymously. If you have a private account on a machine you can ftp to that machine with your login ID and password. Another way is anonymously ftp. In this method you must know the host name of the computer storing the information. You can login by using anonymous as the ID and your e-mail address as the password and use ftp to transfer any files to your own account or hard disk.  

 

 

 

* News Reader

It is an application that allows you to access Usenet news. Usenet news consists of several thousand discussion groups where people can post and read articles about selected topics. You can subscribe to newsgroups which interest you.  

 

* Telnet

It is a method used to connect to another computer on the Internet. This connection is often referred to as a terminal session. You may telnet to machines that provide access through either a private or public account.  

 

* Videoconferencing

It is an interactive way of communication that allows two or more locations to interact via two way video and audio transmissions simultaneously. It is different from videophone calls because it serves a conference rather than individuals.  

 

* Search Engine

A search engine is used to search a Web. Search Engine is a program which allows you to locate the specific information from a database. It seems like a normal Web page, with a form to enter the search items you are looking for. You need to type a word or a phrase which you want to search and then click the search button. Thus the search engine displays the matches. There are number of search which engines source, retrieve and store their data differently. Some of the best search engines are Yahoo, Info seek, Google, Ask.com Excite and Snap.  

 

 

* Uploading Files Using Web Browser through FTP

  • To upload a file through FTP you need to perform the following steps:
  • Type the address of the remote site in browser window.
  • Click Enter to open the remote site.
  • Locate the area on the site that invites you to upload a file.
  • Locate the file on your hard disk.
  • Upload the file by following instructions given on website.        

 

 

Question.jpg  

 

  IE (Internet Explorer) is one of the most popular Internet browsers that was developed by Microsoft. The first version of IE was IE1. In which one of the following years it was launched?

(A) 1990                                                              

(B) 1995

(C) 2000                                                               

(D) 1989

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation

Correct Option:

(B) The first version of IE was IE1 that was launched in 1995. Microsoft continually works on the enhancement of IE.

Incorrect Options:

Therefore, option (B) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.    

 

 

 HTTP is a protocol that allows transfers the information on the World Wide Web between clients and servers. What is its main purpose?

(A) Processing the requests that are sent by the client

(B) Publishing and retrieving of the Web pages

(C) Allows linking another place in the same document

(D) All of these

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation

Correct Option:

(B) The main purpose of the HTTP is publishing and retrieving of the Web pages.

Incorrect Options:

Therefore, option (B) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.  

 

 

  Jack@gmail.com is an example of email address. Which one of the following is the name of Internet service provider?

(A) jack                                                                

(B) com

(C) gmail                                                             

(D) All of these

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (C)

Explanations

Correct Option:

(C) Gmail is the name of service provider

Incorrect Option:

(A) kumar is a user id.

(B) .com is a domain name Therefore, option

(C) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.    

 

 

You Know.jpg 

  • You cannot use all ASCII characters in your URLs.    

 

 

Important.jpg   

  • Telnet: Is a method used to connect to another computer on the Internet.
  • Videoconferencing: Is an interactive way of communication that allows two or more locations to interact via two way video and audio transmissions simultaneously.
  • Hypertext: Is a kind of text that contains the reference of other text that exists in the same or other electronic document or World Wide Web.    

 

 

Summary.jpg

 

  • The Internet is a global network of computers. It is used TCP/IP standard suite to serve billions of users worldwide.
  • Newsgroups and E-mails are not the part of the Web.
  • URL enables a uniform way of identifying resources that are available by using IP (Internet Protocols).
  • A Web server runs a computer application, which is responsible for accepting HTTP requests from clients or Web browser.
  • E-mail (Electronic mail) is a digital correspondence that provides the facility to send and receive text messages, picture files and any other file to and from anyone with an e-mail address.
  • A search engine is used to search a Web. Search Engine is a program which allows you to locate the specific information from a database.
  • The research about Internet began in 1960s.
  • The structure for an HTML page is always performing in between the opening and closing oftags.
  • Hyperlink allows linking another place in the same document or another document    
 
 
 
 
* Abbreviations
 
Volp          -            Voice over Internet Protocol
IETF          -            Internet Engineering Task Force
URL           -            Uniform Resource Locators
HTTP        -            Hypertext Transfer Protocol
FTP           -            File Transfer Protocol

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