11th Class Biology Digestion and Absorption Regulation Of Food Intake

Regulation Of Food Intake

Category : 11th Class

Hunger : Hunger is defined as the intrinsic (involuntary) desire or craving for food. Hunger is associated with a number of objective sensations. For instance, food deprival for many hours causes intense rhythmic hunger contractions in stomach, which even causes intense pain (hunger pangs) send sensory impulses to a “hunger or feeding centre”, located in the lateral regions of hypothalamus.

When glucose levels fall in blood, hunger centre stimulated. Hunger centre transmits impulses to wall of stomach and wall of empty stomach start contraction or hunger pangs. After taking meal satiety centre which located in hypothalamus stimulates and feeding is stopped. During high fever person does not feel like taking meal because high temperature shuts off the appetite centre.

Thirst : Subconscious desire for water is called thirst. It is also induced by a hypothalamic “thirst centre”. When amount of water decreases in body fluids (blood, lymph, tissue fluid, cerebrospinal fluid etc.) due to fever, exercise and sweating, copious urination, diarrhoea, etc. This induces the feeling of thirst. Presumably, a fall in glucose level in the blood also induces thirst.

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