12th Class Biology Domestication of animals. For enhancement of Food production Horses

Horses

Category : 12th Class

Distinguishing Features : The horses (Equus cabalus) are solid- hoofed, non-ruminant quadrupeds with long, pendant mane and tail bearing long hair all over. They are intelligent animals. They learn fast are faithful pets and can adapt to all sorts of climatic conditions. It was the first beast of burden. Polo is game played on horse back.

Feeding : Horses are fed on oats, barley, gram and hay. Common salt is also added to their diet. Green grass may also be given if available.

Breeding : If compared to other animals, horses have a low reproductive rate. Controlled natural mating in horses has been in practice in India for a long time. A high professional skill is required for rearing, training and medical care of race horses.

 

Important breeds of Indian Horses

S.No.

Name

Regions

1.

Kathiawari

Rajasthan and Gujrat

2

Marwari

Rajasthan

3.

Bhutia

Punjab and Bhutan

4.

Manipuri

North-eastern mountains

5.

Spiti

Himachal Pradesh

6.

Zanskari

Ladakh

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