Category : 1st Class
This lesson will help you to:
QUICK CONCEPT REVIEW:
Have you noticed your green friends on the way while coming to school, on the road side in the garden and it the park.
These are the plants which give us clean & fresh air let us study more about plants.
Plant: plants are green in colour. They gives us sweet fruits, vegetables and beautiful flowers
PARTS OF PLANT
Plants consists of different parts. Each of the part pays a very important role:
The different parts of a plant are: Root, Stem, Leaves, Flower, Fruit
Real life examples
Misconcept: Tomato is a vegetable
Concept: Tomato is NOT a vegetable, it is a fruit as it contains seeds. It can be consumed in different ways as raw, in salad, sauces, juices etc.
Misconcept: Cauliflower is a vegetable
Concept: Cauliflower actually an immature flower a head. This flower is used as vegetable.
Tuisi is an important herb. It has been used since ancient times because of its medicinal as well as spiritual value.
Herbs are used in foods, flavors, medicines and perfumes.
TYPES OF PLANT
You might have noticed that some plants are very big & some are small and some are very small.
On the basis of size, plants can be of 3 different types:
Herbs, Shrubs and trees.
Herbs: herbs are very small plants with soft stem. For example: Tulsi, coriander, grass, etc.
Shrubs: shrubs are the small woody plant with short, bushy stem.
For example: hibiscus (china rose), rose
Trees: Big and tall plants are called trees. Trees have strong & long branches.
For example: Mango, Neem, Banyan
Note: Beside these, two other types of plants are climbers and creepers.
(a) Climbers: Climbers are the plants which grow with the support of another plant.
For example: Grapevine, Money plant
(b) Creepers: creepers are the plants with weak stem. They grow along with ground and also on the tree branches for example: pumpkin.
Food items obtained from plants
Plants give fruits, vegetables & grains.
1. Fruits: Fruits are the part of plant that we eat
For example: Apple. Watermelon, Pineapple guava.
2. Vegetable: Vegetables are the eatable part of a plant. Vegetable can be eaten raw and also after cooking.
For example: Potato, Onion, Brinjal.
3. Grains: drains can be eaten only after cooking
For example: Rice, Wheat, Pulses.
The largest tree in the world is the red wood tree. These trees can reach a height of 300 feet.
Red wood tree
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