2nd Class Science Food, Shelter and Cloths Sources of Clothing

Sources of Clothing

Category : 2nd Class

*     Sources of Clothing

 

We obtain clothes from both plants and animals.

 

*           Clothes obtained from animals

We get the following types of clothes from animals.

(i) Silk

(ii) Wool

 

*          Silk

We get silk from silkworm. Silkworms are a type of insect. They feed on mulberry leaves. They give out a long, sticky thread from their mouth. These thread are wrapped around their body and become their home, known as cocoon. The threads of cocoon are collected, processed and then woven to make silk.

 

               Silk clothes

 

*         Wool

Sheep gives us wool. The thick hair that grows on the body of a sheep is collected, then cleaned and made into woolen threads. Wool is used to knit sweaters, caps, shawls etc. It keeps us warm during winter.

 

                                      

                  Sweater                                                         Wool

 

 *           Clothes Obtained From Plants

We get the following types of clothes from plants.

(i) Cotton

(ii) Jute

 

 *            Cotton

Cotton clothes are made from cotton plants. Cotton grows in pods. The pods are picked and thread is made from the cotton. Making thread from cotton is known as spinning. Weaving is the process of making clothes from thread.

                  

                                                      

 

*        Jute

Jute is one of the cheapest natural fibre, which is used for making things for our regular use. For example, rope, bag, mat etc. are made up of jute fibres. Jute fibres are pale yellow in colour and are quite strong. They have a silky lustre and are also used in making clothes.

 

                           

 

*        Some Interesting Points

 

Naphthalene balls and dried leaves of neem keep insects away from the clothes.

In warm and dry summer days cotton clothes are comfortable because they allow the body heat to escape, absorb heat and keep our body cool.

In cold winter days we wear thick, warm clothes made of fur and wool to keep our body warm.

Socks and shoes protect our feet from heat, dust and cold and prevent germs from entering our body.

Clothes should be properly rinsed in water and regularly washed.

Cotton clothes are washed with soap and water.

Silk and woolen clothes need dry cleaning.

 

 

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       Cotton grows in the form of:

(a) Rods  

(b) Leaves

(c) Pods

(d) Cones

 

Answer: (c)

Explanation 

We all know that cotton grows in pods. Therefore, option (C) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

       Clothes protect us from:

(a) Hotness  

(b) Coldness

(c) Dust    

(d) All of these

 

Answer: (d)

Explanation 

Clothes protect us from heat, cold, and dust. Therefore, option (D) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

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In warm and dry summer day’s cotton clothes are comfortable because they allow the body heat to escape, absorb heat and keep our body cool.

In cold winter days we wear thick, warm clothes made of fur and wool to keep our body warm.

People at different places do not get all kinds of food. They eat whatever is available in their place. It is best to eat locally available food because they will be fresh.

All kinds of food cannot be eaten raw, some of them have to be cooked. Cooking makes the food tasty, digestible, easy to eat and kills the disease causing germs present in it.

 

 

 summary.jpg

All living beings need food.

We take different food items in our meal.

We get our food items from plants and animals

Food gives us energy to do various works.

We wear clothes to protect us from heat, cold, dust.

We wear different types of clothes in different times and seasons

We obtain clothes from both plant and animals.

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