2nd Class Science Good Habits, Safety and First Aid Good habits Safety and First Aid

Good habits Safety and First Aid

Category : 2nd Class

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

This lesson will help you to:

  • learn about good habits.
  • understand how accidents happen.
  • study how accidents can be avoided.
  • know about first aid and how to give medical help the injured person.

 

Did you know?

Injured peoples are carried to the hospitals in ambulance. Ambulance has all the necessary equipment’s that a patient might need.

 

QUICK CONCEPT REVIEW

Each one of us has some habits either good or bad. We should learn good habits. We go to school everyday to learn. Our teacher teaches us good habits. Let us study these habits.

 

GOOD HABITS

  1. Take bath every day in the morning.
  2. Brush your teeth twice after getting up in the morning and before going to the bed at night.
  3. Exercise daily as it will keep your bones and muscles strong.
  4. Wash your hand before and after eating food.
  5. Comb your hair daily.
  6. Do not bite your nails, use nail cutter to cut your nails.
  7. Always cover your mouth and nose while sneezing and coughing.
  8. Wash your hands after going to toilet.

We heard many news of accidents every day.

Accidents cause harm to life and property. Accidents can be avoided if we follow safety rules at home, at school, in the playground and on the road.

 

SAFETY AT HOME

Make your home a safe place. A person can slip and fall on a wet floor. To avoid such accidents:

  • keep the floor of your home clean and dry.
  • bathroom and Kitchen floor should not be slippery.
  • do not play with sharp things like scissor, blades, knife etc.
  • do not leave your toys and sharp items on the floor.
  • turn off the gas stove when you are not using the gas.
  • do not touch the electrical fittings with wet hand, you may get an electric shock.
  • do not touch table fans and electric heaters.
  • while giving medicine to any person, always check the date of expiry.

 

Misconcept / Concept

Misconcept: If you have a nose bleed, you should tilt your head back.

Concept: Instead of doing this, tilt your head forword, pinch your nostrils shut and breathe through your mouth.

 

SAFETY AT SCHOOL

In school, accidents can happen when children rush and push each other. To avoid accidents in school:

  • Do not run up and down on the stairs, you may fall and hurt yourself.
  • always go in the school bus in line. Never put your hand or neck outside the window of bus.
  • Do not climb on desks and chair, you may fall and hurt yourself.
  • Do not throw anything on anyone in class.

 

Real Life Example

Do not use electric switches with wet hand.

A first Aid box consists of bandaid, cotton, antiseptic lotion, scissor, thermometer, soap etc.

 

SAFETY ON ROAD

Safety on roads is important for your own safety and the safety of others. Carelessness on the road can cause accidents.

  • To avoid accidents we should walk on the footpath.
  • Cross the road using zebra crossing.
  • Do not run or play on the road.
  • Always follows traffic rules while walking on road.

 

SAFETY ON THE PLAYGROUND

  • Always follow the rules of the game. Never push your friends while playing.

Use a swimming tube for swimming. Always swim in presence of an adult.

 

    

FIRST AID

Immediate first aid can save a person's life or prevent injury.

First aid is the medical help given to an injured or sick person before doctor arrives.

While giving first aid, be calm and make the injured or sick person comfortable. Make him lie down. Do not panic after an accident. Common emergencies which need first aid are minor cuts, fainting, insect/Snake bite, burning etc.

1. FOR MINIOR CUTS

First wash the cut with water. Then apply an antiseptic lotion over it. Tie a bandage on the cut.

2. IF A PERSON FAINTS

If a person faints, make him lie down with his head at a level lower than the body. This helps the blood to reach his brain faster. Allow fresh air around the person. Let the person rest quietly.

3. FOR BURNS

If a burn is minor, wash the burnt area with cold running water. Put an ice pack on the burnt area. Apply an antiseptic cream on the affected area.

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