2nd Class Science Our Country India Our Country India

Our Country India

Category : 2nd Class

LERNING OBJECTIVES

This lesson will help you to:

  • know about the famous places of India.
  • study about the climate of different places of India.
  • learn about the national symbols of India.

 

QUICK CONCEPT REVIEW

India is the most beautiful country in the world In India there are mountains, hills, rivers, seas etc. India is the seventh largest country in the world.

Let us learn more about our country.

 

FAMOUSE PLACES IN INDIA

There are many famous places in India. There

Are 29 states in India and Delhi is the capital of

India. Delhi very hot in summer and cold in winter.

 

DELHI

Tourists from all over the world come every year to visit daces like Qutub Minor, India Gate, Jantar Mantar, Red Fort, and International Museums. There are many places of worship in belhi such as Akshardham temple, Lotus Temple, Biria Mandir and many more.

 

                          Akshardham

 

OTHER METRO CITIES IN INDIA

MUMBAI

Mumbai is one of the four metro cities in India.

Mumbai is warm and humid in summer. It is not very cold in winter.

People who live in Mumbai speak ‘Marathi’.

Ganesh chaturthi is the most popular festival celebrated here.

The most famous tourist spots in Mumbai are

Gateway of India', Marine Drive and the most popular Essel World.

Famous cricketer and filmstars live in Mumbai. Mumbai is also famous for beaches such as Juhu Chaupati, Marine Drive and Versova.

 

              Gateway of India

 

KOLKATA

Kolkata is known as the "city of joy". Kolkata is situated along the bank of river 'Hugli'. The main festival of Kolkata is 'Durga Puja. The climate of Kolkata is neither too hot nor too cold. People of Kolkata speak 'bengali’. The famous places of Kolkata are Victoria Memorial, Biria Planeterium, Rabindra, Sarovar, Science City.

Rice and fish is the main food of Kolkata. 'Rasogulla's the famous bengali sweet.              

            Victoria Memorial

 

CHENNAI

Chennai is known as the "city of temples". Chennai is warm throughout the year. 'Pongal’ is the main festival celebrated here. Chennai is an important tourist centre.

The main attraction of the city is the 'Marina

Beach’, War Memorial, Gandhi Mandapam,

Vivekanand Museum etc.

Bharatnatyam is a famous dance of Chennai.

 

NATIONAL SYMBOLS OF INDIA

Every country has national symbols which represents the country. Our country is also having some symbols. Let us study the symbols of India.

1. NATIONAL FLAG

The flag of India is a tricolour flag with deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and green at the bottom.

In the centre navy blue wheel with twenty four spokes' called Ashok Chakra is present.

 

2. NATIONAL EMBLEM

It consists of 4 lions standing back to back. At the bottom it has 1 horse, 1 bull, lion and elephant separated by a wheel.

 

3. NATIONAL ANTHEM

'Jana Gana Mana’ is the national Anthem of India written by "Rabindra Nath Tagore".

4. NATIONAL SONG

‘Vande Mataram’ is the national song of India.

5. NATIONAL FLOWER

‘Lotus' is the national flower of India.

 

6. NATIONAL ANIMAL

Tiger is the national animal of India.

 

7. NATIONAL BIRD

'Peacock’ is the national bird of India.

 

Amazing Facts:

Before independence, Kolkata was the Capital of India. But later on Delhi became the Capital of India.

 

Historical Preview

  • The first train in India ran from Mumbai to Thane in
  • The first metro rail in India started in Kolkata.

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