Category : 4th Class
Machine language and assembly language are machine dependent. Each time we need to change code according to the requirement of machines. Therefore, the need for a new type of language arose. The 3rd generation programming languages (also known as High Level Programming languages) were designed to suit the requirements of the programmer. These are independent of the internal machine code of any particular computer. High level languages are used to solve problems and are often described as problem-oriented languages.
OBOL is used to write programs solving business problems and FORTRAN is used or programs solving scientific and mathematical problems. Other examples include Java, C++, Python, BASIC, Pascal, etc. A programming language that is machine-independent is called a "high-level" language. It lets the programmer concentrate on the logic of the problem to be solved rather than the details of the machine architecture required with low-level assembly languages. HLL is a programming language in which instructions are written in a language that resembles human language. It has human sounding words and syntax (like words in a sentence). These normally use statements consisting of English-like keywords such as "FOR", "PRINT" or "GOTO", where each statement corresponds to several machine language instructions. It is much easier to program in a high- level language than in assembly language though the efficiency of execution depends on how good the compiler or interpreter is at optimizing the program. In order for the computer to understand any HLL, a compiler translates the high level language into either assembly language or machine code. All programming languages need to be eventually translated into machine code for a computer to use the instructions they contain. The most useful aspect of an HLL (High Level Language) is that the language is written in a form you can easily understand - there are no cryptic assembler commands to remember and most commands are made up of several machine code instructions which save coding effort.
Advantages of HLL:
Fill in the blanks:
1. The 3rd generation programming languages are also known as _____ programming languages.
2. In HLL, a ______ translates the high level language into machine code.
3. HLL is a programming language in which instructions are written in a language that resembles ________.
(A) Low level, Interpreter, Machine language
(B) High level, Compiler, Human language
(C) Medium level. Assembler, Machine code
(D) High level, Interpreter, Human language
(E) Low level, Compiler, Machine language
(B) Options given in (B) are correct.
(A) Options given in (A) are incorrect.
(C) Options given in (C) are incorrect.
(D) Options given in (D) are incorrect.
(E) Options given in (E) are incorrect.
Teacher asked Ronny and Mary- 'what is High Level Language Read their answer and identify who is correct.
Ronny: A high level language is a programming language that is machine- independent. It lets the programmer concentrate on the logic of the problem to be solved rather than the details of the machine architecture required with low-level assembly languages.
Mary: A High Level Language is a programming language in which instructions are written in a language that resembles human language. It has human sounding words and syntax.
(A) Ronny is correct
(B) Mary is correct
(C) Both of them are partially correct
(D) Both are correct
(E) None of these
(D) Answer given by both are correct.
(A) Not only Ronny is correct but Mary is also correct. Therefore, option (A) is incorrect.
(B) Not only Mary is correct but Ronny is also correct. Therefore, option (B) is incorrect.
(C) Both of them are fully correct. Therefore, option (C) is incorrect.
(E) Both of them are correct. Therefore, option (E) is incorrect.
HLL - High-Level Programming Language
LLL - Low-Level Programming Language
GUI - Graphic User Interface
1GL - First Generation Language
2GL - Second Generation Language
3GL - Third Generation Language
4GL - Fourth Generation Language
LDA - Load Accumulator
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