4th Class English Adjectives Adjective

Adjective

Category : 4th Class

Poems on adjective  

On my way to the zoo I saw a bear.

It was a brown bear.

It was an ugly brown bear

It was a wild, ugly, brown bear

It was an angry, wild, ugly,brown bear

It was a hungry, angry, wild, ugly, brown bear

It was an escaped, hungry, angry, wild, ugly, brown bear

And it wanted to eat me!  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

This lesson will help you to:?

learn about adjectives.

understand the degrees of adjectives.  

 

QUICK CONCEPT REVIEW

An adjective is a describing word. It describes a noun or pronoun and is placed before it.

Example: A tall boy, a fat lady. Can you figure out the adjective in the sentence below? Mr. Gupta is a kind man. What describes Mr. 6upta? He is kind. So, 'kind' is an adjective.

 

KINDS OF ADJECTIVES

1. Adjective of quality: It denotes a particular kind of noun. It asks the question-of what kind' from the noun it describes. Example: a brave lady. (What kind of lady? A brave lady).

2. Adjective of quantity; It describes the degree or quantity of a noun. It asks the question-'how much' from the noun it describes. Example: There is some tea left. (How much tea is left? Some tea).

3. Adjective of number: It shows exact number of a noun or pronoun. It asks the question- 'how many from the noun it describes. There are five boys standing, (How many boys? Five). All cardinals (1, 2, 3,....) and ordinals (first, second, third....) come in this category.

4. Demonstrative adjective: They point out. This, that, these, those are demonstrative adjectives. Example: This man, that book, these pens, those kites.                                        

5. Possessive adjective: It shows possession,        Example: My dress, his father, their house.       

6. Interrogative adjective: It is used to ask question, Example: Whose book is this? Which car did you buy? What colour is his balloon?        

Important Tip 

An interrogative adjective is followed by a noun while an interrogative pronoun stands as an independent subject, as:        

Whose book is this? (Interrogative adjective)       

Whose book is this? (Interrogative pronoun)  

 

DEGREES OF COMPARISON

There are three degrees of comparison:

1. Positive degree: The adjective in its first form is called as positive degree. This means it is not compared with anything or anyone. Example- Raghu is a tall boy.

2.  Comparative degree: When two things are compared. Example- Sanjeev is taller than Ramesh.

3. Superlative degree: When more than two things are compared. Example- He is the tallest boy in the class.  

 

Rules to Corm degree of adjectives:

  1. When adjective is a mono syllable word we add ?er to change it into comparative and 'est to change into superlative degree. Example: tall ? taller - tallest                       P        C          S
  2. When adjective ends with 'e\ we add 'r to change it into comparative and *st to change into superlative degree. Example: brave-braver-bravest                       P         C            S
  3. When adjective ends with y\ we first change y into 'I' and then we add 'er to change it into comparative and' est to change into superlative degree. Example: easy-easier-easiest       P        C           S
  4. When adjective ends with a consonant and has a vowel before it, the consonant gets doubled then we add ?er to change it into comparative and ?est to change into superlative degree. Example: red-redder-reddest       P       C           S
  5. When adjective is a bi syllable word (that means we can break it into parts-eg-beau + iful = beauty + ful) we add 'more to change it into comparative and 'most to change into superlative degree. Example: Beautiful-more     beautiful-most   beautiful            P                             C                         S  

 

Amazing Facts

Some adjectives that start with aq.

Aquatic: means living or growing in, on, or near the water.

Aqueous: means something relating to or similar to, or dissolved in water.

The cards have been paired. The student who collects the most cards wins the game.

 

Points to Remember

In a comparative sentence, use than after the comparative form of the adjective. Use 'the? before the superlative forms of adjectives. We do not compare few adjectives like- perfect, square, round, eternal, unique.

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