4th Class English Verbs Kind of Verbs

Kind of Verbs

Category : 4th Class

*     Kind of Verbs

 

There are two kinds of verb. These are:

  •   Helping Verb
  •   Main Verb  

 

*      Helping Verbs

The verb which helps the main verb in changing its form is called helping verbs. Helping verbs are said to be primary verbs. These are formed from the verbs 'to be', have and do.  

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •  The horses are running.
  •  The sun has risen in the sky.
  •  The boat is sailing in the river.      
  •  The bird will fly in the air.        

 

*     Analysis

In the above given sentences the words are, has, is and will are helping the verbs run, rise, sail and fly to change its form. These words are also a kind of verb, called helping verb.  

 

*     Below given is a list of helping verbs

Is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, has, have, had, shall, will, etc.  

 

*      Main Verb

The main verb expresses the main action or state of being of the subject in the sentence. It changes form according to the subject, i.e. singular, plural, 1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person.  

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •   Sachin plays cricket.
  •   Children play a lot.
  •   He played football in school.  

 

*       Analysis

In the first sentence the verb 'play' has been used in its simple form. But as the sentence speaks of a single person 'sachin', the verb play has been changed to 'plays'. In the second sentence, the same verb play has been used. But this time it is with a plural number i e, 'children', hence it has not changed form. In the third sentence, the verb play has been used in its past form played, as the sentence is in past tense. Therefore, play is called main verb.  

 

*       Verbs Forms

There are five forms of verb. These are as follows:

(i) Present Tense form:                 \[({{V}_{1}})\]                       Go                          Come                    Eat

(ii) Past Tense form:                      \[({{V}_{2}})\]                        Went                     Came                    Ate

(iii) Past Participle form:             \[({{V}_{3}})\]                       Gone                     Come                    Eaten

(iv) 'ing' form :                                   \[({{V}_{4}})\]                       Going                    Coming                Eating

(v) Third Person:                              \[({{V}_{5}})\]                       Goes                     Comes                   Eats

(vi) Singular form  

 

*     NOTE:

'be' verb has nine forms. To be, be, was, were, been, being, am, is, are  

 

*       Below given is a list of the different forms of verb

Present                Past Participle                  Past                      ing (form)           3rd Person Singular

Arise                      Arose                                   Arisen                   Arising                  Arises

Arrive                    Arrived                               Arrived                 Arriving                Arrives

Become               Became                                Become               becoming            Becomes

Break                    Broke                                    Broken                 Breaking              Breaks

Buy                        Bought                                 Bought                 Buying                  Buys

Catch                    Caught                                  Caught                  Catching               Catches

Come                    Came                                    Come                    Coming                 Comes

Cut                         Cut                                         Cut                         Cutting                 Cuts

Die                         Died                                       Died                       Dying                     Dies

Do                          Did                                         Done                     Doing                    Does

Drink                     Drank                                    Drunk                    Drinking               Drinks

Eat                          Ate                                         Eaten                    Eating                    Eats

Fall                         Flew                                      Fallen                    Falling                   Falls

Fly                          Flew                                      Flown                    Flying                    Flies

Forget                   Forgot                                   Forgot                   Forgetting           Forgets

Go                          Went                                     Gone                     Going                    Goes

Grow                     Grew                                     Grown                  Growing               Grows

Hang                      Hung                                     Hung                     Hanging                Hangs

Hear                      Heard                                    Heard                    Hearing                Hears

Know                    Knew                                    Known                  Knowing              Knows

Keep                     Kept                                      Kept                      Keeping                   Keeps

Look                      Looked                                 Looked                 Looking                Looks

Move                    Moved                                 Moved                 Moving                 Moves

Make                    Made                                    Made                    Making                 Makes

Meet                     Met                                       Met                       Meeting               Meets

Run                        Ran                                        Run                        Running               Runs

Rise                        Rose                                      Risen                     Rising                    Rises

See                        Saw                                        Seen                      Seeing                  Sees

Say                         Said                                        Said                        Saying                   Says

Sing                        Sang                                      Sung                      Singing                  Sings

Sit                           Sat                                          Sat                          Sitting                   Sits

Sleep                     Slept                                      Slept                      Sleeping               Sleeps

Stand                    Stood                                    Stood                    Standing              Stands

Shine                     Shone                                 Shone                   Shining                 Shines

Take                      Took                                     Taken                    Taking                   Takes

Teach                    Taught                                Taught                  Teaching              Teaches

Tell                         Told                                     Told                       Telling                   Tells

Win                        Won                                    Won                      Winning               Wins

Weep                    Wept                                    Wept                     Weeping              Weeps

Write                     Wrote                                 Written                Writing                 Writes

Work                     Worked                              Worked                Working               Works    

 

 

Question.jpg    

 

Fill in the blanks with helping verb  

 

  Why.............. you broken my slate? (are, do, have)

(A) Are                                                                

(B) Do

(C) Have                                                              

(D) All of these

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (C)

Explanation: 'Have' is the correct option  

 

 

  The boys .......... not swim. (did, were, had)

(A) Did                                                                 

(B) Were

(C) Had                                                                

(D) All of these

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation: 'Did' is the correct option.  

 

 

Summary.jpg

 

  • A verb is a word which shows an action, state of being or possession of a noun or pronoun.
  • The word which says something about a noun or pronoun is called a Verb. (All saying words are verbs)
  • Helping Verbs: The verb which helps the main verb in changing its form is called helping verbs.
  • Helping verbs: Is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, has, have, had, shall, will, etc.    

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