4th Class English Verbs Verb

Verb

Category : 4th Class

Real life Example

A verb is a critical element of any sentence. It is an action word that says something about the subject of the sentence. For example, in the sentence, ?The dog ran home,? ?ran? is the verb because it tells what the dog is dong.

Examples

A.

Sunny is talking over his phone.

 

B.                                

Peter is reading his book.  

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

This lesson will help you to:

  • learn about verbs.
  • know about Transitive and Intransitive verb.
  • learn the formation and uses of verbs.  

 

QUICK CONCEPT REVIEW

Verbs are important elements of language and grammar. As our life is full of movements so verbs become an integral part of our speech, conversation and writing mode. Verbs determine the position and action of nouns and pronouns.                                         

 

DEFINITION

A Verb is a word used to tell or assert something about some person or thing                                

For examples:                                     

Now read these sentences:                        

1. The old man walks with the stick.

2. The old man walks slowly.

In sentence 1, the action denoted by the verb walks' passes over from the doer or subject 'old mans' to some object 'stick'. The verb 'walks' is, therefore, called a Transitive verb. (Transitive means 'passing over')

In sentence 2, the action denoted by the verb 'walks' stops with the doer or subject 'old man' and does not pass over to an object. The verb walks' is, therefore, called an Intransitive verb. (Intransitive means 'not passing over')

Definition: A Transitive verb is a verb that denotes an action which passes over from the doer or subject to an object.

Definition: An Intransitive verb is a verb that denotes an action which does not pass over to an object, or which expresses a state or being; e.g. He ran a long distance (action). The baby sleeps (state). There is a flaw in this diamond (being). (Intransitive Verbs expressing 'being take the same cases after them as before them.)

Most Transitive Verbs take a single object. But such Transitive Verbs as give, ask, offer, promise, tell', etc, take two objects after them - - - an Indirect object which denotes the ' person to whom? something is given or ' for whom' something is done, and a Direct Object which is usually the name of some 'thing', as. His father gave him (indirect) a rupee (direct). He told me (indirect) a secret (direct).

Activity v    Create verb poems using the name of a person and verbs that describe her. For example, a student might choose to write ?Mom? at the top of the page. Underneath, he /she should write the verbs that she does, such as ?cares?, ?cooks? and ?works.?   B. Formation of verbs from Nouns

 

CHARTS

A. Formation of Verbs From Nouns

 

B. Formation of Verbs from Adjectives

 

 

C. Movement Identification

                 

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