5th Class Computers Networking Different Types of Networks          

Different Types of Networks          

Category : 5th Class

*     Different Types of Networks  

 

 

*  Local Area Network (LAN)

A local area network is a network that covers a relatively small space and provides services to a small number of people, such as office, school, small group of building, etc. Typically, connected computers/devices share the resources of a single processor or server within a small geographic area. Usually, the server has application and data storage that are shared by multiple computer users. A local area network may serve as few as two or three users or as many as thousands of users.  

 

*  In LAN, two method of networking may be used:

(A) Peer-to-peer

(B) Client server method A peer-to-peer network is where each client shares their resources with other workstations in the network. Examples of peer-to-peer networks are: Small organization networks where resource use is minimal and a home network. A client-server network is where every client is connected to the server and each other. Client-server networks use servers in different capacities.  

 

*   These can be classified into two types:

1. Single-service servers

2.   Print server The server performs many tasks, one such task is file server, while other servers can not only perform in the capacity of file servers and print servers but also can conduct calculations and use them to provide information to clients (Web/lntranet Server). Computers may be connected in many different ways, including Ethernet cables. Wireless networks or other types of wires such as power lines or phone lines. (See Figure 5.7.2)    

 

 

*    Wide Area Network (WAN)

A wide area network is a computer network that covers broad area i.e. large geographical area. In this network wide variety of resources are deployed across a large domestic area or internationally. An example of this is a multinational business that uses a WAN to interconnect their offices in different countries. The largest and best example of a WAN is the Internet, which is a network composed of many smaller networks. The Internet is considered the largest network in the world. The PSTN (Public Switched Telephone Network) also is an extremely large network that is converging to use Internet technologies, although not necessarily through the public Internet. A Wide Area Network involves communication through the use of a wide range of different technologies. These technologies include Point-to-point WANs such as Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) and High-Level Data Link Control (HDLC), Frame Relay, ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) etc. The difference between the WAN technologies is based on the switching capabilities they perform and the speed at which sending and receiving bits of information (data) occur. A WAN often contains multiple local area networks and metropolitan area network. (See Figure 5.7.2)    

 

 

 

Question.jpg    

 

 Identify the type of network in the given picture.    

 

 

(A) WAN                                                             

(B) MAN  

(C) SAN                                                              

(D) LAN  

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation

Correct Option:

(A) WAN: This is the figure of a WAN (Wide Area Network).

Incorrect Options:

(B) MAN: This option is incorrect

(C) SAN: This option is incorrect

(D) LAN: This option is incorrect

(E) None of these: This is an invalid option    

 

 

  Which one of the following is considered as the largest network in the world?

(A) PSTN                                                                             

(B) Internet

(C) Ethernet                                                                      

(D) Usernet

(E) None of these

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation

Correct Option:

(B) Internet: Internet is often referred to as 'network of networks' and considered to be the largest network in the world.

Incorrect Options:

(A) PSTN: This option is incorrect

(C) Ethernet: This option is incorrect

(D) User net: This option is incorrect

(E) None of these: This is an invalid option    

 

 

You Know.jpg 

 

  • The size of a network is limited due to size and distance constraints.
  • However networks may be connected over a high speed communication.  

 

 

Important.jpg   

 

  • Network: A number of computers and peripherals devices are interconnected in such a way that they can share resources and information.
  • LAN: A local area network is a network that covers a relatively small space and provides services to a small number of people.
  • WAN: A wide area network is a computer network that covers wide area.  

 

 

Summary.jpg   

 

  • Networking is very important for us. Most of the works depend on networks of computers. Here in this chapter you have learnt about two types of network LAN and WAN.
  • Resource on Net http://www.wikipedia.org  

 

 

*  Abbreviations

PSTN     :     Public Switch Telephone Network

ATM      :     Asynchronous Transfer Mode

HDLC     :     High Level Data Link Control

PPP        :     Point-to-Point Protocol  

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