5th Class English Analogy Analogy

Analogy

Category : 5th Class

*        Introduction

 

Analogy 'means 'correspondence'. In questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. Analogy tests are therefore meant to test the candidate's overall vocabulary, power of reasoning and ability to think concisely and accurately. Below given are some examples of analogy based on common relationship, along with their explanations. Observe them carefully as these will help you to understand the concept of analogy in a better way.  

 

 

example.jpg  

 

  Boat : Ship ::

(A) Book: volume                                            

(B) Oar: water

(C) Raft : stern                                                  

(D) Land : sea

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation:

A ship is more than just an ordinary boat. A volume is more than just an ordinary book.  

 

 

  Role : Actor ::

(A) Position : ball player                               

(B) Private : soldier

(C) Melody : singer                                         

(D) Character : part

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation:

An actor plays a role. A ball-player plays in a position.  

 

 

  Bright : Brilliant ::

(A) Happy : ecstatic                                        

(B) Light : fire

(C) Colour : red                                                 

(D) Window : light

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation:

A person who is excessively bright is brilliant. A person who is excessively happy is ecstatic.  

 

  Prow : Ship ::

(A) Nose : aeroplane                                     

(B) Bird : beak

(C) Wheel : car                                                 

(D) Point : shaft

(E) None of these

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation:

The prow is the forward part of a ship. The nose is the forward part of the airplane.  

 

 

  Hair : Horse ::

(A) Wool : sheep                                              

(B) Feather : bird

(C) Fur : animal                                 

(D) Down : pillow   

(E) None of these  

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation:

A horse is a four-legged animal that is covered with hair. A sheep is a four-legged animal that is covered with wool.  

 

 

  Whale : Fish ::

(A) Fly : insect                                                   

(B) Bat : bird

(C) Clue : detective                                        

(D) Mako : shark

(E) None of these

 

Answer: (B)

Explanation:

A whale is a mammal that is mistakenly thought to be a fish. A bat is a mammal that is mistakenly thought to be a bird.  

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •  Moon : Earth : : Earth : Sun
  •  State : Country : : Country : Continent
  •  Flower: Bud : : Plant: Seed
  •  Melt : Liquid : : Freeze : Ice
  •  Eye : Myopia : : Teeth : Pyrorrhoea
  •  Gun : Bullet : : Chimney : Smoke     
  •  Cub : Lion : : Colt : Stallion
  •  Fruit: Banana : : Mammal : Cow
  •  Rupee : India : : Yen : Japan
  •  Court : Justice : : School : Education  

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