Category : 5th Class
Look at the following Sentences:
1. I congratulated him on his performance in the annual exam.
2. We need to be careful while walking on the road.
3. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using the modern electronic gadgets?
4. Who are you to interfere in my personal matter?
5. I have told you several times to shut the door.
6. He requested me to help him in his project so that he could submit it on time.
7. Look at the warning which says not to take photographs.
8. Hurrah! India secured second position in the Common Wealth Games
9. What a great victory Indian team has registered against Australia!
10. May you get a job soon?
The sentences given above show different expressions:
Sentences 1 and 2 express statements in general way.
Sentences 3 and 4 express questions.
Sentences 5, 6 and 7 express an order, a request or a prohibition.
Sentences 8 and 9 express happiness and surprise.
Sentences 10 express a wish or a desire.
On the basis of these expression a sentence can be divided into five kinds
1. Statement (Or Assertive Sentence)
2. Question (Or Interrogative Sentence)
3. Command (Or Imperative Sentence)
4. Exclamation (Or Exclamatory Sentence)
5. Optative (Or Optative Sentence)
Statement-Assertive Sentence or declarative
A sentence that says or states something is called an assertive or declarative sentence. The sentence which simply state something is called a statement or an Assertive Sentence.
There are two types of statements.
(I) Affirmative Statement
(II) Negative Statement
The sentence which affirms something is called an Affirmative Statement.
These sentences affirm something. So, these are Affirmative Statements.
The sentence which denies something is called o Negative Statement.
These sentences deny something. So these are Negative Statements.
A sentence that asks a question is called a question or an interrogative sentence.
A question begins with either Helping Verb (is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, do, doesdid, can, will, shall, may, etc.) or Question word (What, where, how, when, whom, which, why, etc.)
A question ends with a Question Mark (?) or Mark of interrogation.
Sentence A sentence that expresses a command, request or advice is called an imperative sentence.
The sentences given above express an order, a request, an advice and a prohibition. These are 'Commands'. A command has a hidden subject which remains in Second Person.
For Example: Come here, means 'You' come here.
A sentence that expresses a strong feeling is called an exclamatory sentence.
The sentences given above express happiness, sorrow, surprise and admiration. These are sudden internal feeling of heart. These are Exclamations. A mark of Exclamation is (!) put after the exclamatory word or sentence.
The sentence which expresses wish, desire or pray is called an Optative Sentence.
The sentences given above express desire or pray. These sentences are called an optative sentence.
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