5th Class Science Our Universe Other Heavenly Bodies

Other Heavenly Bodies

Category : 5th Class

*     Other Heavenly Bodies

 

*        Asteroid

 

Large number of small bodies that fills the gap between the orbits of the Mars and Jupiter and revolve around the Sun like other planets. Asteroids are called as minor planets because it has its own orbit and its size varies from kilometer to few hundred kilometers. About 3500 asteroids are orbiting the Sun.

 

*       Comets 

They are very small sized celestial bodies made up of balls of ice and rock and revolve around the Sun. They become visible to us only when come closer to the Earth. They usually have a small head and a glowing tail of gas. The size of the tail increases as it approaches the Sun. Tail disappears as it moves away from the Sun. Halley's comet appears after nearly 76 years, last time it was seen in 1986-

 

*      Meteors and Meteorites

Meteor is called a shooting star. it is small stone like objects revolving around the Sun. Its presence can be felt only when it enters the earth's atmosphere

Because of too much heat production meteors start to glow, and get: evaporated within a short time.

Meteorites are part of large meteors, that reaches the surface before they gets evaporated.

 

 

common.jpg

 

      Which one of the following statements is correct?

(a) Asteroids are the part of our solar system

(b) Asteroids are not the part of our solar system

(c) Asteroids are the satellites of planet saturn

(d) Asteroids are the satellites of planet venus

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation

Asteroids are the part of our solar system. Therefore, option (A) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect,

 

 

     Which one of the following statements is correct about comet?

(a) Comet revolves around the sun

(b) Comet is a part of our solar system

(c) A comet has many moon

(d) Both A and B

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (d)

Explanation

Comets are part of our solar system which revolves around the sun. Therefore, option (D) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

*      Constellation

                                                      

If we see night sky, we find certain patterns of stars resembling living creatures or inanimate objects. Such groups of stars are called as constellation. Each constellation is named after their resemblance with specific things. For example Orion is a group of stars resembling a hunter (Orion means hunter).

 

*       Constellations are not real

Name of the constellation Shape When visible in the sky
Onion Hunter Winter
The Big Dipper Ladle Early in the morning and early in the evening all year round
Ursa major (great bear) Plough Throughout the year
Ursa minnor (Little dipper) Ladle Throughout the year

 

                                                      

The star at the end of the dipper handle is pole star. It is the brightest star in the constellation.

Pole star is called as Polaris. It lies on the earth's axis of rotation and hence its apparent position doesn't seem to change. It looks exactly over our head when seen from the poles.

 

 

common.jpg

 

     The cause of the extinction of the dinosaurs could be.

(a) Collision of asteroids

(b) Collision of meteors

(c) Collision of meteorites

(d) Collision of comets

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation

Many scientists believe that asteroid collided with our planet. As a result huge amount of dust was released that might had covered the Earth's surface, cutting off sunlight for long periods of time. These finally led to extinction of many species including dinasaurs from the Earth. Therefore, option (A) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

     Which of the following Venn diagram correctly represents the relationship between the meteors and meteorites.  

(a)                            

                  Meteor           Meteorite

       

(b)                    

                  Meteor      Meteorite

 

(c)                                    

       

(d)                                  

 

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (c)

Explanation

Meteors are solid bodies that evaporates on entering the earth's atmosphere. If it survives on reaching the ground, it is called as meteorite.

Hence we can say that meteorite is a meteor that doesn't get evaporated on reaching the earth's surface. Therefore, option (C) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

*       Space Mission

A young Russian pilot named Yuri Gagarin became the first person to orbit around the earth in a small capsule called vostok 1.

Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman to go into space in vostok 6 In 1963.

Sally Ride, the first American woman to go in space in 1983.

Alexel Leonov took 10 minutes space work on 18"' march 1965 in vostok 2.

Neil Armstrong was the first person to step on the moon in Apollo 11 with Edwin Aldrin

Laika, a dog was the first living organism who spent seven days in space in sputnik 2.

 

 

common.jpg

 

       Which was the first manned satellite to orbit the earth?

(a) Vostok 1

(b) Sputnik 2

(c) Vostok 6

(d) Sputnik 1

(e) Apollo 11

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation Vostok 1 was the first manned satellite to orbit the earth. It was launched by Russia on 12 April 1961- Therefore, option (A) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

      Which of the two astronauts accompanied Nell Armstrong to land on to the moon's surface in 1969?

(a) Michael Collins, James Irwin

(b) David scot. Buzz Aldrin

(c) Edwin Aldrin, Michael Collins

(d) Alexi leonov, David scot

(e) James Irwin, David scot

 

Answer: (C)

Explanation

Edwin Aldrin and Michael Collins accompanied the Neil Armstrong who made the first manned landing on the lunar surface, iames Irwin and

David scot drove the battery powered buggy over the moon's surface.

Therefore, option (C) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.

 

 

you know.jpg

Ham (the chimpanzee) and alike (dog) were just 2 animals out of many who travelled into space.

There are 3 space shuttles in use today Discovery, Atlantic and Endeavour.

Challenger exploded in 1986 and Columbia shuttle exploded on entering the earth's surface. Kalpana chawla was one of the astronauts who died in that tragedy.

To escape from earth’s gravity rocket has to gain speed of about 40,000 kmph.

 

 

summary.jpg

The Sun makes up 99.86% of the solar systems mass.

The Jupiter's magnetic field is so massive that it pours billions of watts. Into earth's magnetic field every day,

The comet with the longest ever recorded tail is the great comet of 1843.

Some rocks found on earth are actually pieces of mars.

Other Topics

You need to login to perform this action.
You will be redirected in 3 sec spinner

Free
Videos