# 6th Class Computers HTML Introduction

## Introduction

Category : 6th Class

### Introduction

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) language is developed by Tim Berner-Lee at Consiel European pour la Research Nuclear (CERN) to enable permit the researchers to share their research papers with the help of Internet. HTML is not a programming language, it is a markup language. Basically markup language is a set of markup tags. Normally HTML tags come in pair, such as$\text{hi}$ and $\text{/hi}$. Each tag contains start and end tag. Start tag is called opening tag and end tag is called closing tag. The HTML 1.0 is the first version of HTML, whereas continuous growth of Web extended HTML growth in several other ways. World Wide Web (WWW) is the organization which did not specify the first version of HTML. This organization maintains the language and keeps involving it in proper direction. Latest version of HTML is HTML 4.01 which is in general uses and is the sub version of HTML4.0.

Designing Of Web Page

A document that is suitable for the WWW and can be accessed through a web browser, such as Internet Explorer is called Web page. A standard structure for -ITML pages has been recommended by World Wide Web (WWW). Basically HTML sage coding always starts with the$\text{htmltags}$. The structure for an HTML page is always performed in between the opening and closing of $\text{htmltags}$. HTML pages are having different sections with different $\text{htmltags}$. These$\text{htmltags}$ are as follows:

Tag for Opening and Closing

The whole HTML document comes under the$\text{htmltag}$ which is used as a container. The entire content of the HTML page comes under the opening and closing of the$\text{htmltags}$ . This$\text{html tag}$ indicates the browser this is the starting of the document and the closing$\text{htmltag}$ indicates that it's the ending of an HTML document. Syntax for the following is as:

$\text{html}$
.........
Contents mentioned in the page
..........
$\text{/html}$

$\text{head Tag}$

Tag The information contains some certain headings regarding document comes under$\text{headtag}$. There are only few tags which are valid under the heading section.

These are as follows:

$\text{linktag :}$ It defines reference for the resource.

$\text{basetag :}$ For all the links present on a page it defines a base URL.

$\text{metatag :}$ It defines the Meta- Information such as keyword and descriptions for search  engines and refresh rates about the page.

$\text{scripttag :}$ The HTML page uses the script is defined by this tag.

$\text{styletag :}$ It defines the internal style sheet for HTML page.

$\text{bodytag }$

The $\text{bodytag}$ is used to describe the contents of the HTML document. The contents of HTML document may be a text, audio, video and images. All type of content comes under $\text{bodytag}$.

HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) language is developed by Tim Berner- Lee. Latest version of HTML is_____.

(A) HTML 4.01

(B) HTML 1.0

(C) HTML 2.0

(D) HTML 3.2

(E) None of these

Explanation

Correct Option:

Incorrect Options:

(B) HTML 1.0 is the oldest version.

(C) HTML 2.0 is the second version.

(D) HTML 3.2 is the second last version.

The information contains some certain headings regarding document come under $\text{head tag}$. Which of the following tag are valid under the heading section?

(A) $\text{link}$

(B) $\text{base}$

(C)  $\text{meta}$

(D) All of these

(E) None of these

Explanation

Correct Option:

(A) $\text{link}$ is valid under the heading section.

(B) $\text{base}$ is valid under the heading section.

(C) $\text{meta}$ is valid under the heading section.

Incorrect Options:

Rest of the option is incorrect.

The contents of the HTML document describe under the___________ tag.

(A) $\text{link}$

(B) $\text{body}$

(C) $\text{meta}$

(D) A and C both

(E) None of these

Explanation

Correct Option:

(B) The contents of the HTML document describe under the $\text{bodytag}$.

Incorrect Options:

(A) $\text{linktag}$ defines reference for the resource.

(C) $\text{metatag}$ is used to define the Meta- Information.

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