6th Class English Verbs Kind of Verbs

Kind of Verbs

Category : 6th Class

*     Kind of Verbs

There are three kinds of verbs

  1.   Transitive verb
  2.   Intransitive verb
  3.   Auxiliary verb  

 

*        Transitive Verb

The verb which requires an object after it to complete its sense is called Transitive verb.  

Look at the following sentences:

  •  He arrived little early.
  •  Robert provokes me to do the mischief.
  •  The hunter kills the animals brutally.
  •  English has taken the center stage.

In the sentence given above, verbs "arrived, "provokes", "kills" and "has taken" can't make complete sense. They need the object to make sense. Therefore, they are transitive verb.  

 

*       Intransitive Verb

The verb that does not require an object to complete its sense, but makes complete sense by itself is called an Intransitive Verb. Look at the following sentences:

  •   The bell rings.
  •   The flowers blossom.
  •   The fire burns.
  •   The earth moves.

In the sentence given above, "rings", "blossom", "burns" and "moves" do not need object to complete their sense. They make a complete sense themselves. So these verbs are Intransitive Verbs.  

 

*        Auxiliary Verb

The verb which helps the main verb change its form is called Auxiliary or Helping Verb.  

Look at the following sentences:

  •   The gardener is watering the plants.
  •   The boy has broken the glass.
  •   I am in a hurry.
  •   These people are laborious.

In first and second sentences, the words "is" and "has" are helping the verbs "water" and "break" to change their forms.

In sentences three and four, the words "am" and "are" themselves are doing the work of a verb. These words are also a kind of verbs. These are Auxiliary or Helping Verbs.  

There are three kinds of main verbs, i.e. helping verbs, regular verbs, and irregular verbs.  

See some more examples of helping verbs:

  •   The horses are running.
  •   The sun has risen in the sky.
  •   The boat is sailing in the river.
  •   The bird will fly in the air.

In the above given sentences the words "are", "has", "is" and "will" are helping the verbs "run", "rise", "sail" and "fly" to change their forms. These words are also a kind of verb. These are called Helping Verbs.  

Linking Verb: The verb that needs a complement to make a meaningful sentence is called a Linking verb.

(A)    Subjective complement

The complement describes subject. e.g. The soup is hot. Hot describes the soup (subject).

(B)    Objective Complement

The complement describes object e.g. They chose Gandhi, their leader. Leader describes Gandhi (object)  

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