7th Class English Adjective, Articles, Prepositions, Conjunctions Preposition of Time

Preposition of Time

Category : 7th Class

*     Preposition of Time

 

A number of prepositions may be used to denote time such as on Monday, before night, during the night, till tomorrow, after lunch, etc. In most cases, it is easy to know which preposition to use.  

 

*        Uses of Preposition of Time

At, on, in

(A)    At usually denotes a definite point of time but can also be used for definite periods:

Definite points of time

at 3 o'clock, at midnight

at the beginning of the class

at the end of the meeting

Indefinite periods of time

at dawn, at night

at Christmas, at Diwali

 

(B)    On is used with days and dates:

On Monday, on 10th August

On the Diwali day, on Christmas eve

On the evening of the 8th  April

 

(C)     In is used with parts of the days, month, year, and season:

In the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening

In summer, in winter

In March, in 1988

 

(D)    In is also used with the future tense to show the period in which an action

will take place:

In two hours, in a few minutes, in a fortnight.

 

Note: In = at the end of

Within = before the end of

I shall be back in a week. (when a week is over)

I shall be back within a week. (before a week is over)

 

*      By

It denotes the latest time at which an action will be over:

The show will be over by 6 p.m. (It may be over before itis6am but the latest time at which it can be over is 6).

 

*       From

It denotes the starting point of an action. It is almost always used with to or till / until:

The examination will be held from 8 a.m. to 11 a.m.

He was absent from 11/10/2010 to 12/10/2010.

 

*       Preposition of Position

 

*     At

At has idea of an exact point; it is used with villages, small towns. At Cedar Avenue, At CP.

At conveys the idea of general neighbourhood; in conveys the idea of something contained. 

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •   Please sit at the table when you eat.
  •   I shall meet you at Karol Bagh.
  •   Turn left at the next crossing.  

 

*      Between, among

Between is used with two persons or things, among is used with more than two persons or things.

 

 

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  •   A small table was lying between the two chairs.
  •   The hare hid among the bushes.
  •   He was happy to be among his friends again.  

 

*      On, upon

On is used in speaking of things at rest; upon is used with things in motion.

 

 

example.jpg

  •   My bag is on the table.
  •   The cat sprang upon the table.  

 

*       Above, over

Both above and over mean higher than. Sometimes we can use either of them.

 

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  •   The flags waved over our heads.
  •   The flags waved above our heads.
  •   But over can also mean covering, or vertically above.

 

 

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  •   My father put a blanket over me.
  •   There is a bridge over the stream.
  •   There is a fan exactly over the table.  

 

*      Below, under

Both below and under mean lower than. Sometimes we can use either of them.

But under also means vertically below. It also has the idea of contact.

 

example.jpg

 

  •   There was a beautiful lake below us in the valley.
  •   The traveler was resting under a tree.
  •   She puts the book under her pillow.  

Preposition of direction towards: to, towards, into, at, for, against  

(A)    To has the sense of destination, towards gives sense of direction.

 

 

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  •   We went to the school.
  •   We went towards the school.  

(B)     Into denotes movement towards the interior of something.

 

 

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  •   The dog jumped into the pond.
  •   She quietly walked into the room.  

(C)     At has the idea of hitting.

She threw the stone at the dog.

For suggests the beginning of a movement.

 

 

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  •   The workers left for the factory.
  •   The child leaves for the school early in the morning.  

(D)    Against shows pressure or contact.

He threw the bag against the wall.  

 

Prepositions of direction from: from, off, out of

(A)     From is used with the point of departure.

She has already gone from the office.

(B)    Off shows separation. It is used in the sense of from the surface of, down from

He fell off the cycle.

The ball rolled off the table.

(C)    Out of is the opposite of into. For example: The bird flew out of the cage.

Other prepositions showing movement are: through, over, along, across, round, up, down.

We travel by car, by bus, by train, by air, by boat, by sea,

We walk on foot, we ride on horseback, we go on a bicycle.

 

 

See the uses of few more prepositions:  

 

*       By, with

By is used to express the agent or doer of an action; with relates to the instrument with which the action is done: The old man was beaten by some strangers with a stick. The lawn was mown by the gardener with a mower.  

 

*       After, in

After is used to denote some period of time in the past; in is used to show some period of time in the future: She came back home after an hour. We will come back home in an hour.  

 

*       Beside, besides

Beside means by the side of; besides means in addition to: Please put this bag beside the box. Besides giving me books, she gave me her notes. Verbs such as command, request, invitation, advice normally do not take the preposition to after them. Such verbs are : advice, ask, beg, command, encourage, invite, tell, request, warn:

She advised me to wait. (and not advised to me ___ __ )

I requested the teacher to explain the poem again.

She invited all her friends to her sister's wedding.  

 

*      On time, in time

On time = at the arranged time; not before, not after In time = not late, with a comfortable margin: We reached the station in time for the train. The train started on time.  

 

 

Question.jpg    

 

Fill in the blanks with suitable preposition.  

 

  I will leave _____________ Paris tomorrow.

(A) By                                                  

(B) For

(C) At                                                   

(D) All of these

(E) Abstract Noun  

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation: I will leave for Paris tomorrow.  

 

 

  ____________teacher he is a good lawyer also.

(A) After                                                             

(B) With

(C) Beside                                                          

(D) Besides

(E) Abstract Noun  

 

Answer: (D)

Explanation: Besides teacher he is a good lawyer also.          

 

 

Summary.jpg

  • A Preposition is a word which comes before a noun or a pronoun and shows its relation to other words in the sentence.
  • The following are the types of preposition:
  1.   Preposition of Time
  2.   Preposition of Manner
  3.   Preposition of Place
  4.   Preposition of Direction

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