7th Class English Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Adverbs Kinds of Pronoun

Kinds of Pronoun

Category : 7th Class

*     Kinds of Pronoun

 

There are eight kinds of Pronoun.

1.       Personal Pronoun

2.       Demonstrative Pronoun

3.       Interrogative Pronoun

4.       Reflexive Pronoun

5.       Possessive Pronoun

6.       Distributive Pronoun

7.       Indefinite Pronoun

8.       Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun.  

 

*       Personal Pronoun

Personal pronouns are pronouns that are used as substitutes for proper or common nouns. All known human languages have personal pronouns.  

The following are the personal pronouns:

First Person:                       I and We

Second Person:                 You

Third Person:                     He, She, It and They  

 

*      Look at the following examples:

  •   I have done a good job.
  •   They have approached me on this issue.
  •   You are looking for a right opportunity.
  •   He has undermined the threat.
  •   It is a tedious task.

In the above given sentences, I, They, You, He and it are personal pronouns. They are used in place of a noun in each sentence.  

 

*        Demonstrative Pronouns

A demonstrative pronoun indicates specific things. They are: This, that, these, those. This and these refer to nouns that are nearby in time or space. That or those refer to nouns that are further away in time or space. This and that refer to singular nouns; these and those refer to plural nouns.  

 

*       Look at the following sentences:

  • This is really a beautiful house. ( This refers to things that are nearby to the speaker)
  • That pen is not writing properly. (That refers to something not very near but far from the speaker)
  • These all objects have been prepared using chemicals. (These refers to some objects close in space or in time to the speaker.)
  • Those events were unbelievable. (Those refer to some objects farther in space or in time to the speaker.)  

 

NOTE: This, that, these, those can be used as demonstrative adjectives as well) As demonstrative pronouns.                                       

 

 

*       Interrogative Pronoun

An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun that is used in order to ask a question. Some of them refer only to people, like "who" and others refer to people and objects, etc. like "what".  

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •   What is your mobile number?
  •   Where are you living?
  •   Which course are you pursuing?
  •   When will he return from the market?
  •   Which answer is correct?  

The following are the interrogative pronouns:

Subject                                 Object                  Possessive

Who                                      Whom                  Whose

Which                                   What  

WHAT can be used to ask about objects or people.

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •   What time is it?
  •   What is your name?
  •   What do you want?
  •   What is his intention?
  •   What are you talking?  

WHICH  can be used to ask about objects or people.

 

 

example.jpg

  •   Which chair are you talking about?
  •   Which laptop do you like?
  •   Which is your favourite seat?
  •   Which is the correct answer?  

WHO can be used to ask about people

 

 

example.jpg

  •   Who are you?
  •   Who is knocking the door?
  •   Who has been sitting in my chair?
  •   Who has asked the question?
  •   Who is the President of India?  

WHOSE can be used to ask about a possession relation.

 

 

example.jpg

  •   Whose book is this?
  •   Whose car did you drive here?
  •   Whose uncle is coming?
  •   Whose film has won the award?
  •   Whose computer is this?  

WHOM can be used to ask about people. It is less usual and more formal than "who"

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •   Whom did you phone?
  •   For whom will you vote?
  •   Whom do you want to meet?  

NOTE: Either "which" or "what" can also be used as an interrogative adjective, and "who," "whom," or "which" can also be used as a relative pronoun.   For example: The man whom she chose will do a wonderful job.

 

 

example.jpg

  •   Who is on line?
  •   What are you learning?
  •   Who wrote the novel God an?
  •   Whom do you think we should invite?
  •   What did she say?  

 

 

*        Reflexive Pronoun

Reflexive pronouns are used when the complement of the verb is the same as the subject.

The following table shows the reflexive pronoun which are used with the personal pronoun:

Personal Pronoun                           (Reflexive Pronoun')

I                                                               myself

You (singular)                                    yourself

You (plural)                                         yourselves

He                                                          himself

She                                                        herself

It                                                             itself     

We                                                         ourselves

They                                                      themselves

 

The following is the use of a reflexive pronouns:

Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and object are the same.

  • I hurt myself.
  • The band call themselves "Phobia".
  • He shot himself.

 

They are used as the object of a preposition, when the subject and the object are the same.

  • I bought a car for
  • He did it by
  • He is talking to

 

They are used when you want to emphasize the subject.

  • I'll do it myself,
  • She reached their

Steve carried the bag himself.

 

 

*        Possessive Pronoun

Possessive pronouns are used when we want to substitute a group of words that are indicating a possession relation.  

 

*       Look at the following list of possessive pronouns:

Subject                                                 Possessive     

I                                                               Mine

You                                                        Yours

He                                                          His

She                                                        Hers

It                                                             Its

We                                                         Ours

You                                                        Yours

They                                                      Theirs

 

By using possessive pronouns we can write a sentence in two ways:

This is my car.

This car is mine.

        Or

This is mine.

A possessive pronoun indicates it is acting as a subject complement or a subject of the sentence.

 

 

 

example.jpg

 

  •  The prettiest dress is mine.

In the above given sentence/the possessive pronoun acts as a subject complement.

  •  Yours is the one which is kept in the box.

In the above given sentences the possessive pronoun acts as the subject of the sentence.  

 

*       Distributive Pronoun

It refers to people or things taken one at a time.

See the following distributive pronouns:

Each, either and neither.  

NOTE: Distributive pronoun refers to a single person or thing at a time so they are always singular and are followed by singular verbs.            

 

*      Each

Each refers to everyone of a group of persons/things taken separately.

  •   Each of you will be present.

Each of is followed by a plural noun and a singular verb.

  •   Each of the girls is among the rankers.

In the above given sentence, 'girls' is a plural noun and 'is' is a singular verb.  

 

*      Either and Neither

Either and neither can be used only when speaking about two persons or things. Either means one or the other of two. Neither means not one nor the other of two.

  •   Either answer is .correct.
  •   Either road will lead to the railway station.
  •   Neither team could win a decisive victory.  

When speaking about more than two persons or things any, no one or none should be used.

  •   I don't like any of these three shirts.
  •   No one offered to accompany him.
  •   None but the brave deserve the fair.  

 

*       Indefinite Pronoun

It refers to something that is not definite or specific or exact.  

The following are the indefinite pronouns:

All                           another                any                         anybody

anyone                 anything              each                      everybody

everyone            everything          few                        many

nobody                none                       one                        several

some                     somebody          someone.

 

 

 

*       See the following sentences where indefinite pronouns have been used:

  •   All roads lead to Nehru Stadium.
  •   I don't have any money.
  •   Does anybody have a clue about the thief?
  •   Anyone can win the game.
  •   Everybody left town for the weekend.
  •   Everyone enjoyed the movie.
  •   Few visited that park.  

 

*       Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun

The pronoun which is used to emphasize a noun or a pronoun is called Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun.

  •   I myself carried the bag to the station.
  •   We served the food ourselves.
  •   You solve your problem yourself.
  •   Keshav planted the trees himself.
  •   Sushma made coffee herself.
  •   They themselves arranged the meeting.
  •   The roof itself fell down on the ground.  

In the above given sentences, the words myself, ourselves, yourself, himself, herself, themselves, and itself have been used to emphasize either person or thing. These are Emphatic Pronouns.  

 

 

Question.jpg    

 

Fill in the blanks with suitable pronoun.  

 

  He did it __________.

(A) Himself                                                        

(B) Him

(C) Herself                                                         

(D) All of these

(E) Abstract Noun

 

Answer: (A)

Explanation: He did it time self.    

 

 

  ____________ is teaching you.

(A) Which                                                           

(B) What

(C) Who                                                              

(D) Whose

(E) None of this

 

Answer: (C)

Explanation: Who is teaching you.      

 

 

Summary.jpg

 

  • Personal Pronoun - The pronoun used for a person or a thing is called a Personal Pronoun.
  • Demonstrative Pronoun - The pronoun used to point out the object we talk about are called a Demonstrative Pronoun.
  • Interrogative Pronoun - The pronoun which is used to ask a question is called an Interrogative Pronoun.
  • Reflexive pronoun - A Reflexive pronoun used to show the effect of the action done by the subject on itself.
  • Possessive Pronoun - The pronoun which shows possession is called a possessive pronoun.
  • Distributive Pronoun - The pronoun which is used as distributer of a person or thing is called a Distributive Pronoun.
  • Indefinite Pronoun - The pronoun which is used to refer to a noun in a general way is called an Indefinite Pronoun.
  • Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun - The pronoun which is used to emphasize a noun or a pronoun is called Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun.  

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