8th Class English Voice Changing of active into Passive as per Tense  

Changing of active into Passive as per Tense  

Category : 8th Class

*   Changing of active into Passive as per Tense  

 

*     Simple Present

In simple present tense, use is /are/am as helping verb.

 

*      Affricative

Active     : The hunter kills the lion.
Passive    :      The lion is killed by the hunter.

 

*       Negative

Active    : The hunter does not kill the lion.
Passive  : The lion is not killed by the hunter.

 

*       Interrogative

Active : Does the hunter kill the lion?
Passive    :      Is the lion killed by the hunter?

 

*       Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active : What does the hunter kill?
Passive  : What is killed by the hunter?
Active    : Who kills the lion?
Passive : By whom is the lion killed?

 

NOTE: Use helping verb according to object in Active Voice.  

 

*      Present Continuous Tense

In present continuous tense use is/ are/ am + being as a helping verb.  

 

*     Affirmative

Active    : The government is ordering the further investigation.
Passive   : The further investigation is being ordered by the government.

 

*     Negative

Active    : The government is not ordering the further investigation.
Passive   :     The further investigation is not being ordered by the.

 

*     Interrogative

Active    :     Is the government ordering the further investigation?
Passive   :      Is the further investigation being ordered by the government?

 

*      Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active  : What is the government doing?
Passive   :     What is being done by the government?
Active    :    Who is ordering the further investigation?
Passive    :    By whom is the further investigation being ordered?

 

*     Present Perfect Tense

In present perfect tense use has/ have + been as helping verb.  

 

*      Affirmative

Active   : Indian batsmen have demolished the Pakistani bowling attack.
Passive   :      The Pakistani bowling attack has been demolished by Indian batsmen.

 

*      Negative

Active    : Indian batsmen have not demolished the Pakistani bowling attack.
Passive   :      The Pakistani bowling attack has not been demolished by Indian batsmen.

 

*      Interrogative

Active    :     Have Indian batsmen demolished the Pakistani bowling attack?
Passive   :      Has the Pakistani bowling attack been demolished by Indian batsmen?

 

*      Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active    :     What have Indian batsmen done?
Passive   :     What has been done by the Indian batsmen?
Active    :     Who have demolished the Pakistani bowling attack?
Passive   :    By whom has the Pakistani bowling attack been demolished?

 

*       Simple Past

In simple past use was/ were as helping verb  

 

*       Affirmative

Active : The police man arrested the notorious criminal.
Passive   : The notorious criminal was arrested by the policeman.

 

*       Negative

Active    : The policeman did not arrest the notorious criminal.
Passive   : The notorious criminal was not arrested by the policeman.

 

*        Interrogative

Active    : Did the policeman arrest the notorious criminal?
Passive    :      Was the notorious criminal arrested by the policeman?

 

*       Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active    :      What did the policeman do?
Passive   :     What was done by the policeman?
Active    :     Who arrested the notorious criminal?
Passive   :      By whom was the notorious criminal arrested?

 

*       Past Continuous Tense

In past continuous tense use was/ were + being as helping verb.  

 

*       Affirmative

Active    :      The principal was delivering a speech.
Passive    :      A speech was being delivered by the principal.

 

*       Negative

Active     : The principal was not delivering a speech.
Passive   :     A speech was not being delivered by the principal.

 

*       Interrogative

Active    : Was the principal delivering a speech?
Passive    : Was a speech being delivered by the principal?

 

*       Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active   : What was the principal doing?
Passive   : What was being done by the principal?
Active    : Who was delivering the speech?
Passive  : By whom was the speech being delivered?

 

*         Past Perfect Tense

In past perfect tense use 'had been' as helping verb.  

 

*        Affirmative

Active     : The farmer had ploughed the field.
Passive   : The field had been ploughed by the farmer.

 

*        Negative

Active    : The farmer had not ploughed the field.
Passive   : The field had not been ploughed by the farmer.

 

*         Interrogative

Active    : Had the farmer ploughed the field?
Passive   : Had the field been ploughed by the farmer?

 

*         Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active : What had the farmer done?
Passive   :     What had been done by the farmer?
Active    :     Who had ploughed the field?
Passive   :     By whom had the field been ploughed?

 

*        Simple Future Tense

In simple future use shall/ will + be as helping verb.  

 

*        Affirmative

Active : He will provoke me.
Passive    : I will be provoked by him.

 

*        Negative

Active    : He will not provoke me.
Passive : I will not be provoked by him.

 

*       Interrogative

Active    : Will he provoke me?
Passive   : Will I be provoked by him?

 

*        Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active    :     What will he do?
Passive   :    What will be done by him?
Active    :     Who will provoke me?
Passive    :     By whom will I be provoked?

 

*       Future Perfect Tense

In future perfect use shall / will + have been as helping verb,  

 

*       Affirmative

Active    :      He will have provoked me.
Passive    :    I will have been provoked by him.

 

*       Negative

Active    :      He will not have provoked me.
Passive   :     I will not have been provoked by him.

 

*        Interrogative

Active    :     Will he have provoked me?
Passive   :     Will I have been provoked by him?

 

*       Interrogative with 'wh' Family

Active    :     What will he have done?
Passive   :     What will have been done by him?
Active    :     Who will have provoked me?
Passive   :    By whom will I have been provoked?

 

*        Sentence with Two Objects

Active    :      She writes a letter to me.
Passive : A letter was written to me by her.

  or I was written a letter by her.

In few sentences subject is omitted in passive.    

 

example.jpg  

Active : Someone stole my pen.
Passive   : My pen was stolen.
Active    : Everybody builds houses.
Passive   : Houses are built.

 

Imperative Sentence

 

example.jpg  

Active  : Help the poor.
Passive : Let the poor be helped.
Active           : Switch off the fan.
Passive          : Let the fan be switched.
Active            : Open the door.
Passive          : Let the door be opened.

 

Model verb based sentence:

Active    : You can buy a car.
Passive   : A car can be bought by you.
Active    : India should win the match.
Passive     : Match should be won by India.

 

NOTE: Use 'be' in model verb based sentence while changing into passive.  

 

Passive Voice of Imperative Sentence

There are specific rules to change the voice of different Imperative sentence.  

(i)    Passive Voice of Command / Order or Prohibition

When a command / order or prohibition is changed into Passive Voice, the word let is used in the beginning. The Imperative Verb is changed into be + (Past Participle)  

Active : Imperative Verb + object.
Example : Close the window.
Passive : Let + Object + be +
Example : Let the window be closed.
Active : Imperative Verb + Object.
Example : Don't lift the box.
Passive : Let + Object + be + not +       
Example : Let the box be not lifted.

 

(ii)    Passive Voice of Advice

When an Advice is changed into Passive Voice the Object of the Advice is changed 'into the Subject and used in the beginning. The Imperative Verb is changed into should / must + be +  (Past Participle)  

Active           : Imperative Verb + object.
Example         : Take exercise daily.
Passive           : Object + should / must + be +
Example          : Exercise should be taken daily.
Active          : Imperative Verb + object
Example        : Obey the teacher.
Passive           : Object + should / must + be +
Example         : The teacher should be obeyed.

 

(iii)   Passive Voice of Request

When a request is changed into Passive Voice, a phrase 'you are requested to' is placed in the beginning. The Imperative Verb gets no change.  

Active    : Please + Verb + object.
Example  :     Please help me.
Passive    :      You are requested to + Verb + object.
Example  :     You are requested to help me.
Active     : Please + verb + object.
Example  :      Please read this letter.
Passive    :      You are requested to + verb + object.
Example  :      You are requested to read this letter.

 

*       Passive Voice of verbs with Two Objects

While changing the voice of verbs with two objects, either of the two objects can be made the subject of the Passive Voice. The other Object remains unchanged.  

Active : Subject +  +  (indirect Object) +  (Direct Object)
Example : Rajiv gave Juliet a pen.
Passive :  + was / were + + + by + subject.
Example : Juliet was given a pen by Rajiv.
Passive           :  + was / were +  ++ by + Subject.
Example : A pen was given to Juliet by Rajiv.
Active : Subject + ++
Example : Pinky gives James a bag.
Passive          :  + was / were + + + by + subject.
Example         : James was given a beg by Pinky.
Passive          :  + was / were +  + + by + Subject.
Example         : A beg was given to James by Pinky.

   

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