Archives September 2013

National Talent Search Examination (NTSE) is a national-level scholarship program in India to identify and recognize students with high intellect and academic talent. It is one of the most prestigious exams in India. The scheme is open to students of Indian nationality. Only students studying in Class X are eligible to appear for the selection process. As it is organized by an official body (NCERT), it is widely regarded by the Government of India as the toughest and most prestigious examination in the country. Qualifying students were awarded the scholarships on the basis of a written examination, a project report and an interview. The written examination comprised the Science Aptitude Test and an essay on a given scientific theme. The candidates were to submit the project report at the time of the written examination. A stipulated number of candidates selected on the basis of those three components were then subjected to personal interviews. The performance more...

NEET is an acronym for National Eligibility cum engineering test.  The Medical Council of India and the Dental Council of India have notified that the Central Board of Secondary Education shall be the organization to conduct the National Eligibility cum Engineering test for admission to MBBS and BDS courses. The responsibility of CBSE is limited to the conduct of the entrance examination, declaration of the result and providing the merit list to the Counselling Authorities. NEET is another sort of medical entrance exam conducted all over India for the students. StudyAdda prepares the students for all the examinations that are conducted all over India. The NEET study packages on StudyAdda have been proving highly beneficial to all the students. NEET study packages make students to work a lot on their brains and this brain storming helps students capable enough to answer any kind of questions. The students who solve these more...

The world has produced many great leaders like Abraham Lincoln, Churchill, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi,  awahar Lal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Yasser Arafat etc. All these leaders have influenced the people of the world to a great-extent  with their high ideas and wonderful leadership quality. Among these leaders Dr. S. Radhakrishnan occupies a very high rank, whose Indian as well as Western philosophy made him a world fame philosopher. He was a real embodiment of the principle of simple living and high thinking. His saintly life and his deep knowledge have influenced me a lot. Born on September, 1888, in Andhra Pradesh, Dr. Radhakrishnan got his education at Velour, Madras, etc. He started his career as lecturer and soon got the professorship. He was very popular among his students. When he took up  the teaching job at Oxford, England, somebody remarked that he could emulate America's Wood-row Wilson's rise from professorship more...

While studying science in school we may have been taught that electrical conduction occurs in metals and in some liquids containing ions. That particular lesson changed when chemists Alan MacDiarmid (1927- 2007) and Hideki Shirakawa (b. 1936), and physicist Alan Heeger (b. 1936) created the first polymer that could conduct electricity. Shirakawa was working on the polymerization of acetylene when a mistake was made in the amount of a catalyst used in the process (a thousand times too much!). Instead of the usual black powder, a "ragged film" of polyacetylene was formed. This film had a metallic luster, and Shirakawa began investigating its properties. Alan MacDiarmid at the University of Pennsylvania invited him to collaborate, and together with Alan Heeger, the three experimented on modifying the polyacetylene by oxidization with iodine vapor. When one of Heeger's students was examining this iodine-doped version, it was discovered that the electrical conductivity had more...

The ancient Chinese were technologically and culturally advanced. Between 3950 and 1700 B.C.E, the people of the Yang-shao culture farmed pigs, grew wheat and millet, made highly specialized tools, and produced painted pottery. They also produced pottery instruments called lings, which became the first tuned bells. One of the earliest examples of these clay bells is a small red ling uncovered at an excavation site in the Henan Province of central China. Later, during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, the Chinese made bells from metal and decorated them with intricate designs. Bells came to play an important part in culture by the fifth century B.C.E., when sets of bronze bells were used in ritual ceremonies for musical accompaniment.- Large, clapperless bells known as zhong were sometimes struck with mallets. It is said that these represented the sound of the Autumn Equinox, when all the crops had been harvested—in Chinese, the more...

The textile industry was one of the cornerstones of Britain's Industrial Revolution. The production process had changed little in centuries: yarn was spun skillfully on a human-powered wheel. Invariably performed by women and young children, it was hard work and provided little in the way of reward. By the middle of the eighteenth century, as the demand for textiles for export grew, labor-saving devices enabling yarn to be spun at greater speed began to emerge. The two most significant developments were the water frame and the spinning jenny. The water frame used the principles of the water wheel to power the spinning frame, thus dramatically reducing the amount of human effort required; the spinning jenny, a multispool spinning wheel, boosted output by enabling a single worker to operate up to eight spools at once. In 1779 the inventor Samuel Crompton (1753-1827) combined the main features of both, creating the spinning more...

Outline : Man is a social animal : social service for students in villages and other organization; students and defence of the country; modem student's dislike for social service. Man is a social animal. Since we live in society, we must he sincere to it. We must observe its norms. We cannot be uncivil and wild. We should be social in our day-to-day life. The best service of the society is to serve it faithfully. Social service is the first round in the trajectory (line of flight upward going) of progress. All the great leaders had been one time best social service workers. Take the example of Gandhi, Nehru and Patel. Prior coming to the national scene, their record of social service and the service of their community was uppermost. Students can best do social service. This is the best time for shaping one's life. We can utilize our spare more...

"Regardless of our ancestral heritage, we're all descended from flintnappers." Bert Mathews, sharp stone maker The use of stone instruments more than two million years ago heralded what we call the Stone Age and the very origins of humankind. While it is impossible to date when distinctly worked (rather than simply found) stone blades first appeared in the world, it seems to have occurred circa 30,000 B.C.E. The technique that evolved to create sharp stones is now called lithic reduction. This involves the use of an implement (made of stone itself or of wood or bone) to strike a stone block in order to break off flakes. Such flakes will be naturally sharp and can be turned into a range of useful tools and weapons such as scrapers, scythes, knives, arrow heads, or spear points. Some early toolmakers may also have used what was left of the stone block to more...

To spread panic and horrify people is known as terrorism. It has become a worldwide phenomenon. Many countries encourage terrorism in other countries for their political gains. We can have an example of Pakistan, which is helping terrorism in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir. The countries give them training and   Sophisticated deadly arms for their wicked acts. Terrorists kill innocent people mercilessly the idea behind it are to spread panic among people and cripple government machinery. Thus terrorism is a vicious circle which can ruin a country. In India there is terrorism in eastern states also. Some separatist groups are also adopting terrorism   for acceptance of their demands by the government. The terrorist activities in our country had already taken the precious lives of our two Prime Ministers, Smt. Indira Gandhi and Sh. Rajiv Gandhi With Pakistan's collusion terrorists created a havoc in Bombay  in the recent past. more...

Forty-five years before the word "Jukebox" was first coined, the world's first "nickel-in-the-slot phonograph" (later abbreviated to nickelodeon) was demonstrated to a small group of patrons at the Palais Royale restaurant on San Francisco's Sutler Street by its creator Louis Glass (1845-1924), General Manager of the Pacific Phonograph Company. Glass attached a coin mechanism designed to accept nickels to an Edison Class M electric cylinder phonograph housed in an oak cabinet. With amplification still waiting to be discovered, prerecorded music from a single tin foil and wax cylinder was transmitted to a group of four people via listening tubes resembling stethoscopes held to their ears. Towels were supplied to wipe patrons' sweat from their earpiece. Only a single cylinder could be played at any one time. This limitation nevertheless failed to dent the new machine's popularity, which went on to earn more than $1,000 in its first six months of more...


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