“An optimist is a person who sees a green light everywhere, while a pessimist sees only the red."
Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian philosopher
Henry Ford opened his first factory in America in 1903 and, with horse-drawn carts, pedestrians, bicycles, and cars sharing the treacherous and largely unlegislated roads, accidents were frequent. Garrett Morgan (1877-1963), an African-American inventor, was inspired to design the traffic signal after witnessing a horrific crash 'between a horse-drawn carriage and a motor .car. The invention was an indication of Morgan's perceptiveness; long before automobiles were as prevalent on the roads as they are today, he had the foresight to predict a problem and engineer a solution. It is a testament to his design that the signals are still in use today.
Morgan came from humble roots. The son of a former slave, his formal education ended after elementary school, but his natural talent for fixing and inventing more...