question_answer3) Give arguments to support or oppose the following assertions (i) Industrialized countries can afford democracy but the poor need dictatorship to become rich. (ii) "Democracy can't reduce inequality of incomes between different citizens. (iii) Government in poor countries should spend less on poverty reduction, health, education and spend more on industries and infrastructure. (iv) In democracy, all citizens have one vote, which means that there is absence of any domination and conflict.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer4) Identify the challenges to democracy in the following descriptions. Also, suggest policy/institutional mechanism to deepen democracy in the given situations. (i) Following a High Court directive a temple in Odisha that had separate entry doors for dalits and non-dalits, allowed entry for all from of same door. (ii) A large number of fanners are committing suicide in different States of India. (iii) Following allegation of killing of three civilians in Gandwara in a fake encounter by Jammu and Kashmir police, an enquiry has been ordered.View Answer play_arrow
question_answer5) In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct? Democracies have successfully eliminated (a) conflicts among people (b) economic inequalities among people (c) differences of opinion about how marginalized sections are to be treated (d) the idea of political inequalityView Answer play_arrow
question_answer6) In the context of assessing democracy, which among the following is odd one out? Democracies need to ensure (a) free and fair elections (b) dignity of the individual (c) majority rule (d) equal treatment before lawView Answer play_arrow
question_answer7) Studies on political and. social inequalities in democracy show that (a) democracy and development go together (b) inequalities exist in democracies (c) inequalities do not exist under dictatorship (d) dictatorship is better than democracyView Answer play_arrow
question_answer8) Read the passage below. Nannu is a daily wage earner. He lives in Welcome Mazdoor Colony, a slum habitation in East Delhi. He lost his ration card and applied for a duplicate one in January, 2004. He made several rounds to the local Food and Civil Supplies office for the next three months. But, the clerks and officials would not even look at him, leave alone do his job or bother to tell him the status of his application. Ultimately, he filled an application under the Right to Information Act asking for the daily progress made on his application, names of the officials who were supposed to act on his application and what action would be taken against these officials for their inaction. Within a week of filling application under the Right to Information Act, he was visited by an inspector from the Food Department, who informed him that the card had been made and he could collect it from the office. When Nannu went to collect his card next day, he was given a very warm treatment by the Food and Supply Officer (FSO), who is the head of a circle. The FSO offered him tea and requested him to withdraw his application under the Right to Information, since his work has already been done. What does Nannu's example show? What impact did Nannu's action have on officials? Ask your parents their experiences when they approach government officials to attend to their problems.View Answer play_arrow
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