10th Class Science Light - Reflection and Refraction Introduction


Category : 10th Class

*         Introduction


Whenever we hear the word light, many questions arises in our mind. But the most common question that comes in our mind is 'what is light?'. Why we are able to see the object in presence of light and not in the dark? What makes the things visible to us? And many such questions keeps wondering in our mind.

Light is can be defined as the form of energy which produce the sensation of vision. Whenever the light falls on a object it gets reflected by the object and received by our eyes, therefore enable us to see that object. There are many wonderful phenomenon associated with the light, such as image formation, refraction of light, twinkling of star, rainbow formation just after rain, etc. In this chapter we will discuss about all these phenomena associated with the light, in detail.

Light exhibits two properties known as dual property i.e. wave nature andparticle nature. Light consists of electromagnetic waves which do not require any medium to travel. According to particle nature of light, light travels in a straight line and cannot pass through the opaque wall or any other barrier.

Other phenomena like reflection, refraction, and casting of shadow also shows the particle nature of light. Thus the quantum theory of light explains both the nature of light according to the condition.

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