Nationalism In India - Important Terms And Concepts
Category : 10th Class
Nationalism in India
IMPORTANT TERMS AND CONCEPTS
- Nationalism. Patriotism; a feeling of collective belonging to one's nation; sharing common feelings of identity.
- Nation-states. A state having common territory and inhabited by people sharing common language, race, culture, etc.
- Influenza epidemic. Extensive spread of influenza — an acute virus disease usually with fever, cold and body rashes.
- Forced recruitment. In colonies people were often compelled to join the army and fight war on behalf of the colonial rulers.
- Satyagraha. A method of agitation and protest, based on truth and non-violence. This was first introduced by Gandhiji in Indian national movement. The method was passive resistance consisting of defiance of laws, non-payment of taxes, boycott of government institutions, etc.
- Rowlatt Act. An Act passed by British Government in India in 1919. It authorized the government to arrest and imprison a person without trial. The Act was against civil rights.
- Civil Disobedience. Refusal to comply with certain laws as a method of peaceful protest.
- Hartal. Strikes-a method of demonstrating protests.
- Martial Law. Law of military government. When martial laws are imposed, ordinary laws are suspended.
- Jallianwalla Bagh. A park in Amritsar in Punjab. It is well known in the history of India because the place is associated with massacre of Indians by the British.
- Khalifa. The spiritual and temporal head of all Muslims or the Muslim world. Khalifa was also the ruler of Turkey till 1922.
- Boycott. A method of resistance used by Indian nationalists under which they refused cooperation with the British in every sphere—stopping to use foreign goods by not attending British institutions.
- Picket. A method of protest by which the people block the entrance of a shop, factory or office. One or more persons stand outside a place of work or shop to dissuade others from entering.
- Khadi. Handspun handloom material.
- Begar. Forced labour compelling people to work free without any remuneration.
- Gudem rebels. The people who participated in the militant guerrilla movement in the Gudem hills of Andhra Pradesh. It was a resistance movement against the colonial government who prevented the people from entering the forests for grazing their cattle or collect firewood or fruits from the region.
- Plantation. Estates or extensive area under cultivation of cash crops such as tea, coffee, cotton, tobacco, etc.
- Dominion Status. Dominion status is a status enjoyed by other dominions of British Commonwealth such as Australia or Canada.