Category : 12th Class
The camel is a large, horn less, ruminant mammal of genus Camelus. It is popularly called “the ship of the desert” because of its great travelling power in a desert. It is a valuable beast of burden in hot desert and semidesert regions as it can live on minimum food and water when travelling with load.
Types of camels : There are two types of camels :
(1) Arabian camels (Camelus dromidarius) : With a single hump, short hair and found in north Africa to India. It does not occur in wild form.
(2) Turkish or bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus) : With two humps, long hair and found in Gobi desert of central Asia. It occurs in wild form also.
Feeding : Camels are fed on dry fodder (barley, straw) supplemented with chopped green fodder made of pulses, mustard and green pees. They browse on trees, shrubs and bushes. The size of the hump is a good indicator of its health.
Breeding : There are four kinds of camels in India. These are Jaisalmeri, Sindhi and Bikaneri found in Rajasthan and Kutchi found in Gujrat. They have a well-defined breeding season. Camels breed in winter (November to March).
Diseases : Camels suffer diseases such as anthrax, pneumonia, camel-pox and surra.
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