1st Class Science Occasions and Festivals Occasions and Festivals

Occasions and Festivals

Category : 1st Class


This lesson will help you to:—

  • know about different types of occasions.
  • learn about the different types of festivals celebrated in India.
  • understand the importance of national festivals of India.


We all use to celebrate Diwali and Holi together with our brothers, sisters, cousins and friends.

Celebrating festivals with our family and friends is a great fun. Let us study about different festivals in detail.

1. Diwali: Diwali is the festival of light. People decorate their houses with candles and do Lakshmi puja at night.

Children burn crackers in the night.

2. Holi: Holi is the festival of colures. People put 'gulal' and throw coloured water on one another.

3. Eid: Eid is celebrated by Muslims. They do prayer called 'namaaz'. They prepare "meethi sewaian for their guests and friends,                          

4. Raksha Bandhan: Raksha Bandhan is a festival in which sisters tie 'rakhi' on the arms of their brothers and wish for the health and well-being.

5. Guruparva: (Suruparva is celebrated by the Sikh. They go to '6urudwaras' to pray.

6. Christmas: Christmas is celebrated on 25th December of every year. In this festival, Christmas tree is decorated with lights. Children wait for Santa Claus to bring gifts for them.

7. Dussehra: Dussehra is celebrated on the tenth day of Navratra. Ravana, Kumbhkaran and Meghanad get burnt every year on this day.

We celebrate the birthdays of our family members and attend the wedding of our loved ones. These are all family occasions.



There are so many festivals celebrated in India there are there national festivals which we use to celebrate in India.

1. Independence Day: It is celebrated on 15 August every year. The Prime Minister hoists The National Flag at the Red Fort in Delhi.

2. Republic Day: It is celebrated on 26 January every year. The armed forces, folk dancers, and school children in colorful dresses take part in a parade at Raj path in New Delhi.

3. Gandhi Jayanti: It is celebrated every year on 2nd October. People pay tribute by offering flowers on his samadhi in Rajghat (New Delhi).

Apart from these days, Children's Day is celebrated on 14th November every year on the birthday of Jawaharlal Nehru. Teachers Day is celebrated on 5th September every year on the birthday of Dr. Radha Krishnan.


Historical preview:

India got independence on the 15th august 1947 .before that india was under the rule of England.


Did you know?

Kite flying is a very popular game in India. Many people fly kites on 15 august every year to celebrate Independence Day.

There are also special kite flying festivals celebrated in India   


Real life Examples

(a) People use to burn crackers in Diwali.

(b) Muslims praying Namaz

Other Topics

Notes - Occasions and Festivals
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