Notes - Our Body

Category : 2nd Class

Our Body

 

Interesting Facts

  •         The smallest bone in the human body in ear whereas the largest bone is in leg.
  •         Your mouth produces about one liter of saliva each day.
  •         Human teeth are just as strong as shark?s teeth.  

 

In the previous class, you have learnt about the sense organs. Let us study them in detail.

 

1.            EYES

Eyes are the sense organs of the human body. They are located on the head. Every human being has 2 eyes. We see different things around us with the help of our eyes. Without eyes we cannot see anything.

 

2.            EARS

Ears are the sense organs of the human body. They are located on each side of the head part of the body. Every human being has 2 ears.

We can hear different types of sounds with the help of ears. Without ears, we cannot hear anything.

 

3.            NOSE

Nose is a sense organ. It is also located on the head part of the body. Nose helps us to breathe and smell. Every human being has one nose.

 

4.            TONGUE

Tongue is the sense organ of the human body. It is present inside the mouth. Every human being has one tongue. Tongue helps us to taste different food items.

 

5.            SKIN

Skin is the sense organ of the human body. Skin is present all over the body. It protects us from the external environment and germs. Skin gives us the sense of touch.

 

ORGAN SYSTEM

Our body is made up of cells which combine together to form tissues. Tissues join to form organs. Organs do not work alone. A number of organs in our body are connected together to do a particular kind of work. This is known as organ system.

 

1.            The digestive system helps in breakdowns of food from complex to simpler form and utilized by the body.

 

Interesting Facts

  •           We eat about 500 kg of food per year.
  •           A normal resting heart rate for adults ranges from 60 to 100 beats per minute.

 

2.            The circulatory system is made up of heart/ blood and blood vessels. It carries blood to all parts of the body.

Do you know?

  •          Your left lung is smaller than your right one.
  •          Your blood makes up about eight percent of your body?s weight.

 

3.            The respiratory system helps us in breathing. It includes lungs and windpipe, provides us oxygen that our body needs and removes the harmful carbon dioxide from our body.

 

Do You Know?

  •           The world 'muscles' comes from the latin term meaning 'little mouse'.

 

4.            The excretory system consists of kidneys and ureters. It removes the waste products from the body.

 

5.            Skeletal system is made up of bones. It provides shape and support to the body.

An adult body has 206 bones while newborn babies have 270 small, soft bones. As the baby grows/ the bones join together.

 

6.            Muscular system is made up of muscles. Most of the muscles are fixed with the bones. Bones and muscles work together and help in movement.

 

7.            The nervous system consists of brain and nerves. Brain is the storehouse of knowledge. It is protected by skull. It receives messages from the sense organs and other parts of the body and sends order for the action. For instance, when we touch a hot cup of coffee, nerves take the message to brain where hotness is seemed and message is sent back to hand and we put our hands off.

 

Interesting Facts

  •          The Nervous system is made up of special called nerve cells which are the largest cells in our body.
  •          Your brain is sometimes more active when you are asleep then when you are a wake.

 

8.            The reproductive system helps to produce the young ones.

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Notes - Our Body
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