Notes - Our Neighbourhood
Category : 2nd Class
There are many helpers in our neighbourhood. Let us- know about them.
A helper is a person who helps someone else. There are different people who do different works to help us in our daily life. They are called community helpers.
1. Postman: Delivers our letters and parcels to the person whom we wish to send the same.
2. Doctor: Looks after us when we are sick.
3. Garbage cleaner: Removes garbage from the area surrounding our house
4. Fireman: Puts out fire to save us from getting burnt.
5. Grocer: A grocer sells food and other things that are used at home.
6. Mechanic: A mechanic repairs our vehicles.
7. Potter: A potter makes clay pots for us.
8. Astronaut: An Astronaut goes to space or travels in space.
9. Cobbler; A cobbler repairs our shoes.
10. Army man: He protects our country.
All of us need a place to live in. The houses protect us from heat, rain, wind, dust and animals. There are so many kinds of houses like kutcha house, Pucca house, Igloos, Tents, etc.
Types of Houses
1. Kutcha house: Houses made of clay, mud and straw.
2. Pucca house: Houses made of bricks, cement, concrete and steel. These houses are very strong.
3. Tents: Houses mode of a strong cloth are tents. Scouts and soldiers move from one place to another and live in tents.
4. Stilt house: Stilt houses are houses raised on piles over the surface of water.
5. Caravans: Houses built on wheels are caravans. These houses can move from one place to another.
6. Igloo: A house made of blocks of ice is called an igloo. These are found in cold regions.
7. House Boat: Houses made on boats are house boats. These houses float on water and are made up of wood. These are seen in Kashmir.
8. Apartment: An apartment is a small house in a big building.
The surrounding area near our house is neighbourhood.
Do You Know?
(a) Know your neighbours.
(b) Improve the lighting on streets.
(c) Encourage outdoor activities.
(d) Know your local police department.
Places Around the Neighbourhood
A market is a place where we buy a variety of things that we need everyday. Some shops like;
A hospital is a place where the sick and the injured are taken care of.
3. Police Station
They maintain law and order and protect us from thieves and robbers.
Park is a place where children come and play.
This is a place where we enjoy a meal with our family and friends.
6. Places of Worship
People go these places to pray like temple/ mosque, church and gurudwara.
Do You Know?
A school is a place where we study and learn.
(i) We learn to read, write and draw.
(ii) We learn to share our things with others.
(iii) We learn many games and take part in sports and other activities.
Classmates: Friends of same class in a school are known as classmates.
In a school, a number of people work.
(i) Teacher: They teach us different subjects.
(ii) Gardener: He keeps our garden and playground proper.
(iii) Sweeper: He keeps our classrooms clean and tidy.
(iv) Gate keeper: He takes care of the school.
(v) Principal: Principal is the head of the school.
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