Category : 4th Class
Plants that grow on land are called terrestrial plants. Terrestrial plants are of different types depending on the condition they grow in.
Plants on Mountains
Plants on mountains and hills are tall, straight and have slopping shape to make the snow fall off easily. They are usually flowerless and have cones with seeds inside them. The leaves are needle like with waxy coating. For example, fir, deodar, pine, cedar, small flowerless plants like ferns, lichens and mosses etc.
Pine tree Deodar tree Lichens
Plants in the Plain
These plants grow in plain, flat, surface of the earth. Trees have several branches and leaves. Many of these plants grow in warmer climate of the plains and shed most of their leaves in autumn. Example, Neem, Peepal, Ashoka and Mango.
Mango tree Pipal tree Ashok tree
The evergreen plants of the plain are those which grow in hot and wet climate.
Example, Tea, Coffee, Rubber.
Tea Plants Coffee Plant Rubber Plant
Plants in Deserts
Desert is a place with hot weather, very little water and scanty rainfall. Plants growing in these places are called desert plants. These plants develop certain features that help them to survive the harsh conditions of the desert. Roots are spread out just under the surface of the soil to catch the smallest amount of water. These plants have leaves in the form of spines or don't have any leaf at all to prevent water loss. Desert plants store water in its stem. Stem carry out photosynthesis. The plants use water stored in their stem when no water is available. For example, cactus, babul, kikar
Plants on Sea Cost
These are the plants that grow on the sea cost. Here the water is very salty and area has high rainfall examples coconut arch, nut.
Coconut tree Nut tree
Plants in Area with Heavy Rainfall
They are the evergreen plants and remain green almost round the year. Example rubber, teak, rice, cotton and sugarcane.
Orchid Cotton Rice
Plants in Marshy/Swampy Area
The place, where the soil is very clayey and sticky is called marshy area and the plants growing there are the marshy plants. Major problem for the growth of plant here is oxygen, which cannot reach the roots of the plants. To overcome this problem, plants here have breathing roots to absorb air. Example, mangroves.
A notch in a tree will remain at the same height from the ground, as the tree grows.
Both George Washington and Thomas Jefferson grew cannabis sativa (marijuana) on their plantations.
The first diesel engine ran on peanut oil.
Brazilian engineers have developed a way to produce bio-diesel using coffee oil extracted from bad quality coffee beans.
Autotrophs: Organisms capable of making their own food.
Photosynthesis: Process by which green plants make their food using carbon dioxide, water and sunlight.
Respiration: Process that provides energy and the carbon skeleton for the growth and maintenance of plants.
Aquatic plants: Plants which live in or on the water surface.
Non-green plants: Plants which do not have chlorophyll are called non-green plants.
Terrestrial plants: Plants that live and grow on the land.
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