5th Class English Articles Indefinite Article "A and An"

Indefinite Article "A and An"

Category : 5th Class

*           Indefinite articles - A and An


'A' and 'an' are the indefinite articles. They refer to something which is not specific.  


*            Use of Indefinite Article


1.  'A' and 'an' are used before countable nouns in the singular number.

     For example: "I saw an elephant this morning." "I ate o banana for lunch."

2.  'A' and 'an' are also used with a noun complement.

     For example: "I am an English teacher." "I am o builder."  


*           Specific Rules of Use


1.       'A' is used when the noun begins with a consonant (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, I, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z).

          For example : 'a city', 'a factory', and 'a hotel' etc.

2.       'An' is used when the noun begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

          For example : 'an inkpot', 'an apple', 'an egg' etc.

          Pronunciation changes this rule. It's the sound that matters, not the spelling.

3.       If a word begins with a consonant but gives a vowel sound, 'an' will be used.

          For example : "an hour".

          Explanation : 'When we say' hour' it sounds like "our". So,"an hour" is correct.

4.       If a word begins with a vowel but gives a consonant sound, 'a' will be used.

          For example : 'a university'.

          Explanation: When we say "university" it gives a "y" sound at the beginning as if it has been spelt "youniversity".

          So, "a university" is correct.





Fill in the blanks with Indefinite Article  


  Mr. Johnson is ___________ European.

(A) A                                                                     

(B) An

(C) The                                                                

(D) None of these

(E) All of these  


Answer: (A)                                         


Pronunciation of European starts with 'y' sound. Therefore, (A) is used before it.  



  Maria is ________ intelligent girl.

(A) A                                                                     

(B) The

(C) An                                                                  

(D) None of these

(E) All of these.


Answer: (C)


The first letter in Intelligent is vowel and sounds like vowel. Therefore, 'an' is used with it.  

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