# 5th Class Mental Ability Analogy Analogy and Classification

Analogy and Classification

Category : 5th Class

ANALOGY

A pair of related terms/figures is provided and a similar relationship is to be established between two other terms/figures or other pair to identify the missing term/figure.

CLASSIFICATION

A set of terms/figures is given in which all, except one follow similar properties. A student has to identify the property followed in the set and find the odd one out.

EXAMPLE

1.         Look at the figures below carefully. Which of the figures is different from the rest?

(a) (b) (c) (d) Explanation (b):

The figure in option (b) is made up of both straight and curved lines.

2.         There is a certain relationship between the pair of figures given on either side of : Identify the relationship of the given pair and find the missing term in the other pair. (a) (b) (c) (d) Explanation (b):

The left and right part of the figure of the first figure of left pair is removed and the top and bottom parts are left. Also, for the parts which are left, the shaded part becomes unshaded and vice-versa.

3.         There is a certain relationship between the pair of figures given on either side of : Identify the relationship of the first pair and find the missing term of the second pair. (a) PQR                         (b) PQT                         (c) RQP                         (d) TPR

Explanation (b):

The rule followed is So, if we follow the same rule 4.         In the given question, four numbers are given. Out of these, three are alike in a certain way but the rest one is different. Choose the one which is different from rest of the three.

(a) 6                              (b) 12                            (c) 18                            (d) 9

Explanation (d):

Except (d), all others are multiples of 6 or, except (d) all are even numbers.

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