5th Class Science Our Environment Water Pollution

Water Pollution

Category : 5th Class

*       Water Pollution


Water is an essential component of all forms of life. It is odorless, colorless and transparent liquid. It has the capacity to dissolve maximum substances in it and hence is used as a universal solvent. But now a days due to human activities, over population, industrialization and unawareness, the smell, odur and unique quality of water is being contaminated, which is called water pollution.



*       Consequences of Water pollution




Eutrophic lake - a threat to aquatic life               Water contamination leads to untimely death of aquatic lives


*      Polluted water causes disease

Water borne diseases can spread through contaminated water. Contaminated water contains pathogenic microorganisms.



*       How to minimize water pollution

Look at the following chart to understand the method by which we can minimize water pollution:



Bathing animals in water sources should be stopped



Bury dead leaves





   Which one of the following is a factor of water pollution?

(a) Factory's wastes

(b) Pesticides, insecticides, weedicides

(c) Untreated sewage

(d) All of these

(e) None of these


Answer: (d)


Factory's wastes. Pesticides, insecticides, weedicides and untreated sewage all are the factors of water pollution. Therefore, option (d) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect.



      What may be the consequences of water pollution?

(a) Killing of aquatic animals

(b) Disturbance in the ecological balance

(c) Disturbance in the food chain

(d) All of these

(e) None of these


Answer: (d)


All are the possible consequences of water pollution that have been given in the option A, B, and C. Therefore, option (d) is correct and rest of the options is incorrect..

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