Category : 6th Class
The knowledge of Collocations is very important for proper use of English Language. If we are not able to use right collocations, a grammatically correct sentence will stand out awkward.
English Collocations fall into the category of Phraseology which means a particular mode of expression, especially one characteristic of a particular speaker or subject area. It is the study of set or fixed expressions, such as idioms, phrasal verbs, and other types of multi-word lexical units (often collectively referred to as phrasemes).
In this type of use the component parts of the expression take on a meaning more specific than or otherwise not predictable from the sum of their meanings when used independently. We can say Collocation is the way words are habitually used together to produce a specific meaning. This includes, among others, verbal phrases, verb compounds, noun compounds, compounds with particles and adjective-noun collocates.
In addition to producing specific meaning, collocations or their initiatory parts, increase the predictability of the message and anchor it in the context of communication by signaling to the listener or reader that a specific meaning is about to be proved.
There are several different types of collocations. They can be:
Example of seven main types of collocations:
1. adverb + adjective ·
2. adjective + noun
3. noun + noun
4. noun + verb ·
5. verb + noun
6. verb + expression with preposition
7. verb + adverb
She placed her keys gently on the table and sat down.
Sweety whispered softly in Raj's ear.
I vaguely remember that it was growing dark when we left.
SOME EXAMPLES OF COMMON COLLOCATIONS
We can now say that Collocation refers to how words go together or form fixed relationships.
Examples: heavy rain, high temperature, scenic view, have an experience etc. Collocations may be strong or weak. Strong collocations are where the link between the two words is quite fixed and restricted. Weak collocations are where a word can collocate with many other words. Compare
make Very few words can collocate with
express + a wish the noun wish. This makes wish
fulfil a strong collocator.
apartment, beach, car, camera, chance,
big + disappointment, fight, gun, lapm big can collocate
moon, news, ocean, pain, pity, price, hundreds of words,
queue, table, umbrella, upset, wait, window therefore it's a weak collocator.
whisk an egg curly hair
winding road blissfully ignorant
1. big/enormous/large + house/lorry/cup
2. fast/shiny/expensive + car/motorbike/aeroplane
3. very/really/extremely + interesting/hot/generous
4. brown/straight/long + fence/hair/line
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