Kinds of Sentences

Category : 6th Class

*     Kinds of Sentences


Sentence can be divided into five kinds.

1. Statement                              (or Assertive Sentence)

2. Question                                (or Interrogative Sentence)

3. Command                             (or Imperative Sentence)

4. Exclamation                         (or Exclamatory Sentence)

5. Optative                                 (or Optative Sentence)



*       Look at the following sentences:

  1. He was administered by his parents.
  2. There is a great impact of Bollywood on Indian people.
  3. Why were you raising questions unnecessarily?
  4. What was the location of the island that submerged into the sea?
  5. So away from here.
  6. He said to me, "please lend me some money".
  7. Do not touch the wire.
  8. Wow! What a beautiful monument this is!
  9. What a spectacular scene it was!
  10. May you get well soon.



*       The sentences given above have different expressions:

Sentences 1 and 2 express statements in a general way.

Sentences 3 and 4 express questions.

Sentences 5, 6 and 7 express an order, a request or a prohibition.

Sentences 8 and 9 express happiness and surprise.

Sentence 10 expresses a wish or a desire.



*       Statement


(Assertive sentence or declarative) A sentence that says or states something is called an assertive or declarative sentence. The sentence which says something in general way is called a statement or an assertive sentence.    


*      Look at the following sentences:

  1. He said to me, "I was busy in my work".
  2. Sachin Tendulkar is considered as one of the greatest cricketers in the History of game.
  3. The Prime Minister of India is an economist.
  4. The advancement of technology has really revolutionized our world.


There are Two Types of Statements

  1. Affirmative Statement
  2. Negative Statement


*      Affirmative Statement

The sentence which affirms something is called Affirmative Statement.

Look at the following sentences:

1. He was pleased to hear the good news.

2. Mobile has become an integral part of our life.

These sentences state positive facts or affirm something. So these are Affirmative Statements.  



*     Negative Statement

The sentence which denies something is called Negative Statement.

Look at the following sentences:

1. He was not pleased to hear the good news.

2. Mobile has not become an integral part of our life.

The sentence given above deny something. So these are Negative Statements.  



*      Question

A sentence that asks a question is called a question or an interrogative sentence.

Look at the following sentences:

  1. When will you reach here?
  2. Did they miss the golden opportunity?
  3. How will you manage to do these all by yourself?
  4. Who was the candidate for the head boy of the school?
  • A question begins with either Helping Verb (is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, do, does, did, can, will, shall, may, etc.) or Question Word (What, where, how, when, whom, which, why, etc.)
  • A Question ends with a Question Mark (?) or Mark of Interrogation.



*      Command

A sentence that expresses a command, request or advice is called an imperative sentence.

Look at the following sentences:

  1. March forward
  2. Switch on the fan
  3. Remove the glass
  4. Be careful while walking on the road.


The sentence given express an order, a request, an advice and a prohibition.

  • A command has a hidden subject which remains in Second Person.






Go away, means "You go away."  


*         Exclamation

A sentence that expresses a strong feeling is called an exclamatory sentence.

See the following sentences:

  1. Hurrah ! India has registered an emphatic win.
  2. Alas ! The old man has died.
  3. What a courageous act!
  4. Bravo ! He has achieved the feat that no one has ever achieved.


The sentence given above express happiness, sorrow, surprise and admiration.

These are sudden internal feelings of heart. These are Exclamations.

  • A mark of exclamation is put after the exclamatory word or sentence.



*         Optative

The sentence which expresses wish, desire or pray is called an Optative Sentence.

See the following sentences:

  1. May God bless the poor!
  2. May this country be prosperous!
  3. May the baby live long!
  4. May God give wealth to him!
  5. Wish you a very Happy New Year!

The sentence given above express desire or pray. These sentences are calledoptative sentence.

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