6th Class English Voice and Narration Voice and Narration

Voice and Narration

Category : 6th Class

 

Voice and Narration

 

Voice

Voice is that type of verb which clears that subject does work or work is done for subject

 

Active Voice

In active voice the subject does work.

 

Let us look at some examples:

1.            Gopal loves Sita.

2.            Ramesh is playing hockey

3.            Raju has eaten my meal.

4.            I took tea yesterday

5.            The dog was eating the bone.

6.            Mother had called me.

7.            I shall pluck many flowers.

8.            She will have cleaned the floor.

The above given example show that all the subject like Gopal, Ramesh, Raju are doing their work. So it is called active voice.

 

Passive Voice

In passive voice work is done for subject.

 

 

Let us look at some examples:

1.            Sita is loved by Gopal.

2.            Hockey is being played by him.

3.            The meal has been eaten by Raju.

4.            Tea was taken by me yesterday.

5.            The bone was being eaten by the dog.

6.            I had been called by mother.

7.            Many flowers will be plucked by me.

8.            The floor will have been cleaned by her.

In these sentences, it shows that work is done for all subjects.

Now there is a rule for changing active to passive voice.

 

Rule for active voice:

Subject + verb + object

 

Rule for passive voice:

Object + verb + by + subject

 

To change active to passive:

 

Firstly, convert object to subject.

 

 

Object

Subject

Object

Subject

me

I

you

you

her

she

them

they

us

We

him

he

it

it

whom

who

 

 

 

Secondly, subject is converted into object and put by before object.

 

Subject

Object

I

by me

she

by her

we

by us

it

by it

you

by you

they

by them

he

by him

who

by whom

 

Thirdly use the new passive form according to subject. For example:

You see that bird. (Active)

That bird is seen by you. (Passive)

 

Narration

The art of reporting words of a speaker is called narration. There two main ways of reporting the words of a speaker:

(i)         Direct speech

(ii)        Indirect speech

 

Direct Speech

Definition: When the actual or exact words of a speaker are presented, it is called direct speech.

·                     Anita said, ?She will go to New York.?

·                     Anita. said that she would go to New York,

The two sentences given above refer to the two ways of reporting the words of a speaker?. In sentence 1, the actual or exact words of the speaker are presented. This speech is called direct speech.

 

Indirect Speech

Definition: When the substance or meaning of a person's speech is presented, it is called indirect speech.

·                     Steve said, 'Tie will go to New York."

·                     Steve said that he would go to New York.

The two sentences given above refer to the two ways of reporting the words of a speaker. In sentence two, the actual or exact words of the speaker are not presented. But the substance or meaning of the speech is presented. This speech is called indirect speech.

 

Other Topics

Notes - Voice and Narration
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