Kinds of Pronoun
Category : 7th Class
There are eight kinds of Pronoun.
1. Personal Pronoun
2. Demonstrative Pronoun
3. Interrogative Pronoun
4. Reflexive Pronoun
5. Possessive Pronoun
6. Distributive Pronoun
7. Indefinite Pronoun
8. Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun.
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are used as substitutes for proper or common nouns. All known human languages have personal pronouns.
The following are the personal pronouns:
First Person: I and We
Second Person: You
Third Person: He, She, It and They
Look at the following examples:
In the above given sentences, I, They, You, He and it are personal pronouns. They are used in place of a noun in each sentence.
A demonstrative pronoun indicates specific things. They are: This, that, these, those. This and these refer to nouns that are nearby in time or space. That or those refer to nouns that are further away in time or space. This and that refer to singular nouns; these and those refer to plural nouns.
Look at the following sentences:
NOTE: This, that, these, those can be used as demonstrative adjectives as well) As demonstrative pronouns.
An interrogative pronoun is a pronoun that is used in order to ask a question. Some of them refer only to people, like "who" and others refer to people and objects, etc. like "what".
The following are the interrogative pronouns:
Subject Object Possessive
Who Whom Whose
WHAT can be used to ask about objects or people.
WHICH can be used to ask about objects or people.
WHO can be used to ask about people
WHOSE can be used to ask about a possession relation.
WHOM can be used to ask about people. It is less usual and more formal than "who"
NOTE: Either "which" or "what" can also be used as an interrogative adjective, and "who," "whom," or "which" can also be used as a relative pronoun. For example: The man whom she chose will do a wonderful job.
Reflexive pronouns are used when the complement of the verb is the same as the subject.
The following table shows the reflexive pronoun which are used with the personal pronoun:
Personal Pronoun (Reflexive Pronoun')
You (singular) yourself
You (plural) yourselves
The following is the use of a reflexive pronouns:
Reflexive pronouns are used when the subject and object are the same.
They are used as the object of a preposition, when the subject and the object are the same.
They are used when you want to emphasize the subject.
Steve carried the bag himself.
Possessive pronouns are used when we want to substitute a group of words that are indicating a possession relation.
Look at the following list of possessive pronouns:
By using possessive pronouns we can write a sentence in two ways:
This is my car.
This car is mine.
This is mine.
A possessive pronoun indicates it is acting as a subject complement or a subject of the sentence.
In the above given sentence/the possessive pronoun acts as a subject complement.
In the above given sentences the possessive pronoun acts as the subject of the sentence.
It refers to people or things taken one at a time.
See the following distributive pronouns:
Each, either and neither.
NOTE: Distributive pronoun refers to a single person or thing at a time so they are always singular and are followed by singular verbs.
Each refers to everyone of a group of persons/things taken separately.
Each of is followed by a plural noun and a singular verb.
In the above given sentence, 'girls' is a plural noun and 'is' is a singular verb.
Either and Neither
Either and neither can be used only when speaking about two persons or things. Either means one or the other of two. Neither means not one nor the other of two.
When speaking about more than two persons or things any, no one or none should be used.
It refers to something that is not definite or specific or exact.
The following are the indefinite pronouns:
All another any anybody
anyone anything each everybody
everyone everything few many
nobody none one several
some somebody someone.
See the following sentences where indefinite pronouns have been used:
Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun
The pronoun which is used to emphasize a noun or a pronoun is called Emphatic or Emphasizing Pronoun.
In the above given sentences, the words myself, ourselves, yourself, himself, herself, themselves, and itself have been used to emphasize either person or thing. These are Emphatic Pronouns.
Fill in the blanks with suitable pronoun.
He did it __________.
(D) All of these
(E) Abstract Noun
Explanation: He did it time self.
____________ is teaching you.
(E) None of this
Explanation: Who is teaching you.
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