7th Class English Types of Sentence Introduction


Category : 7th Class

* Introduction



A sentence is a group of words that makes complete sense. For example: We have been assigned so many tasks by the teacher.  


* Kinds of Sentences

Sentences can be divided into five kinds. They are the following;

1. Statement                    (or Assertive Sentence)

2. Question                       (or interrogative Sentence)

3. Command                     (or imperative Sentence)

4. Exclamation                (or Exclamatory Sentence)

5. Optative                         (or Optative Sentence)  



* Assertive Sentence / Statement or Declarative

A sentence that says or states something is called an assertive or declarative sentence. The sentence which says something in general way is called a Statement or an Assertive Sentence.  




  • Steve never indulges into misdeeds.
  • You always make excuses for not doing your home work.
  • He said to me, "I am well aware of all the facts".
  • This decision has been taken unanimously. 
  • You don't need to blow the things out of proportion.  



*  Interrogative or Question

A sentence that asks a question is called a Question or an Interrogative Sentence.  




  • Would you like to take a cup of coffee?
  • What are your views about the current development in our country?
  • Is he ready to sacrifice his comforts for the sake of his career?
  • Did you appear in the English Olympiad last year?
  • Who will look after the guests in my absence?


Note: A question begins with either Helping Verb (is, am, are, was, were, has, have, had, do, does, did, can, will, shall, may, etc.) or Question word (What, where, how, when, whom, which, why, etc.)  

  • A question ends with a Question Mark (?) or Mark of interrogation.  



* Imperative Sentence or Command, Order, Request, Suggestion, etc.

A sentence that expresses a command/ request or advice is called an Imperative Sentence.    




  • The commander said to his soldiers to march forward.
  • Bring something to eat.
  • Please help in my work.
  • You should be regular and punctual.
  • Go away from here.

Remember: The subject is generally hidden in Imperative Sentences.  



* Exclamatory Sentence

A sentence that expresses a strong emotion or surprise is called an Exclamatory Sentence.




  • These children are so cute!
  • How great it is to visit this place again!
  • Alas! India could not win the T-20 World Cup.
  • What a beautiful scenery!
  • Hurrah! India won gold medal in tennis match.  



* The following is the list of exclamatory words:

  • Wow!
  • Brilliant!
  • Awesome!
  • Ouch!
  • Amazing!
  • Bravo!
  • Fantastic!
  • Tremendous!
  • Sheesh!
  • Hurrah!
  • Alas!
  • Magnificent!
  • Unbelievable


Remember: Exclamation mark (!) is put at the end of a sentence or after an exclamatory word.  



* Optative Sentence or Wishes, Desire, etc.

The sentence which expresses wish, desire or pray is called Optative or Optative Sentence.




  • May God bless the poor
  • May this country be prosperous
  • May the baby live long
  • May God give wealth to him
  • Wish you a very Happy New Year  


Remember: Every Optative Sentence ends with an exclamatory mark!  




Identify the kinds of sentence in the following questions:  


  The pressure was immense but the man surrendered meekly.

(A) Assertive                                    

(B) Interrogative

(C) Imperative                                                  

(D) Exclamatory

(E) Optative


Answer: (A)

Explanation :

A sentence that says or states something is called Assertive Sentence.  



How did the whole team come back to the pavilion in less than an hour?

(A) Assertive                                                     

(B) Interrogative

(C) Imperative                                                  

(D) Exclamatory

(E) Optative


Answer: (b)

Explanation :

A sentence that asks question is called an Interrogative Sentence.      

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