Managing Windows 10

Category : 8th Class


Managing Windows 10



Just try to imagine the situation in the class where a teacher gives assignments and cheeks the activities of the students. In the class, one teacher manages all the students. Similarly inside the computer too, there is one program that manages all the other programs, just like a teacher. This program is called Operating System. Example of OS is Windows. Window can come in different versions (such as Windows 2000, Windows Vista and Windows 10). Windows 10 is the latest version from Microsoft Windows 10 is a personal computer operating system developed and released by Microsoft on July 2015 as part of the Windows NT This operating system includes improved support for biometric authentication through the Windows Hello. The full screen Start menu is used in this mode similar to Windows 8, but scrolls vertically instead of horizontally. The major change in Windows 10 is the introduction of the "Edge" Web browser, which is designed to replace Internet Explorer (IE).


Today, in the world Windows Operating System is one of the largest selling GUI (Graphical User Interface) based operating system. In order to suit the requirement of various kinds of users, the Windows operating system is available in various versions. The different types of versions are Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT, Windows 2000, Windows X.P, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, 8.1 and Windows 10 as well.


Following are the features of Windows 10:


  • The Start menu from the Windows 7 is back.
  • The ‘Edge’ web browser which has been designed to replace ‘Internet Explorer (IE).
  • Action center, which is similar to the notifications bar in OSX.
  • Windows 10 also supports multiple desktops on a single monitor. Alt + Tab is also used to switches between desktops.
  • In Windows 10 if you remove the keyboard / mouse, a notification will popup from the task bar at the bottom, asking if you want to active tablet mode. When you do so, you are greeted with the more touch-friendly profile.
  • In Windows 10, launching a Windows app on your PC opens it in a desktop window-, rather than dumping you into a full screen app.
  • Windows 10 has brought Microsoft’s voice - controlled digital assistant cortana to desktop computers.
  • In Windows 10 you will be able to manage your device from one place instead of hunting for a specific menu.



Start Menu

A Start menu is simply a helpful user menu that can be accessed in Windows 10 by two methods:


  1. By pressing the Windows key.
  2. By clicking on the Start Button in the bottom left of the screen.



A start menu is simply a quick and helpful collection of useful items.

The following is the list of application that are available in Windows 10.



  • Calendar
  • Mail
  • Microsoft Edge
  • Photos
  • Search
  • People
  • News
  • One Note
  • The Windows Store
  • Weather


Window Control Button




is used to


Minimize a window a still open and a window buttonh appears on the taskbar.


Enlarge a window to its largest  possible size.


Return a window to its previous size, i.e., the original size in which it was opened.


Close a window.


Basic Tools of Windows 10

Windows operating system comes with some handy applications, known as Windows Accessories. Calculator, Notepad, Paint, Internet Explorer, Wordpad are some of the most frequently used accessories. Let us learn to work with them.


Starting Windows Accessory Application

To start an accessory application like Paint, Notepad, Wordpad, Calculator etc., the procedure is just the same as given below:


  • Click Windows button Windows Accessories  Desired Application’s name




  • Alternately you can type the name of an application in search box just right to the Windows button.



For Example, to Start Calculator, you will do the following:


  • Click on Windows button Windows Accessories  Calculator




  • Alternately you can type Calculator or Calc in search box and hit enter.



Windows Calculator is a calculating application included in all the version of Windows It can be used to perform simple calculation, scientific calculation and programming calculation. Once you open the Calculator, you can start using it like traditional calculator. From button menu, you can choose the required type of calculator - Standard, Scientific,

Programmer, Data Calculation, Converter, etc.



Calculator was first included with Windows 1.0 as a simple arithmetic calculator. In Windows 3.0, a Scientific mode was added. In Windows 7, Programmer, Statistics, Unit Conversion, Data Calculation and Worksheet modes were added. Calculator's interface was revamped for the first time since its introduction.

The Calculator application in Windows 10 appears simple. It is also equipped with a History feature that makes it easier for users to confirm if they have entered numbers correctly. If you make a mistake somewhere, you can easily pinpoint the problem. For turning on or showing the History feature in Windows 10 calculator, click on the view History icon on the top right and the History panel will open or else press the Ctrl + H keys.

Click on the Trash icon in bottom right corner to clear history You can also use the keyboard shortcut of ctrl + shift + D to delete the history.

The Windows 10 Calculator app can easily resized to square, horizontal or vertical shapes.


Standard Mode

Here you can carry out normal calculation like Additions, Subtractions, Divisions, Multiplications, Square roots, Percentage and Fractions.


Scientific Mode

The Scientific calculator mode of the Windows 10 calculator is very helpful for the students and they can perform the typical mathematical calculations like functions in degrees and radians and other standard functions like Sin, Cos and Tan, etc.


Programmer Mode

This mode of calculator is specially designed for programmers who work for binary, decimal, octal and hexadecimal number, also allows calculations for bitwise operations and basic calculations.


Converter Mode

The Converter mode in window calculator can help you converting units which include volume, length, weight and mass, temperature, energy, area, speed, time, power, data, pressure and angle. It also lets you convert tablespoons in teaspoons under the volume category.


Making Folders

Computer hard drives hold an enormous amount of data or information. It is very important that all of the data is well organized. That's why it is easy for the computer to find what it is looking for. Knowing how a computer's organization system works will help you to find what you are looking for. Computers use files and folders to organize data. A file is a collection of data that is stored together. Files can be stored on a hard drive, a CD and a DVD. Everything that a computer does is based on data stored in files. You can do lots of things with files - create them, name them, rename them, save them or delete them. Certain files can even be looked at, listened to and run.


Directory and Files

A directory is another name for a folder and they are created on the hard disk when the operating system and applications are installed. For example, the user's desktop is actually a folder. The computer folder can also store other types of files, such as downloads documents, pictures and desktop. It can even store other folders, which may contain additional files and folders.

A file is a collection of information or data stored in one unit, which is identified by a file name. It can be documents, pictures, music or videos, or other collection of data. Almost all information stored in a computer must be in a form of file. The files are identified by the file extension of the file, for example, wordpad file save with RTF extension (Rich Text Format), pictures files saved with .JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts group), .GIF (Graphic Interchange Format) etc.


Steps to view the file extension of file:

1) Right click on the file.

2) Select Properties option from the list.

3) In the properties Windows, ‘Type of file’ option shows the file type and extension.


Steps to create a new folder in Windows 10:


1) Navigate to the location where you want to create the folder. You can create your folder at any location on your computer.

2) Right click on a blank space in the location where you want to create your folder.

3) Select new folder option from the contextual menu. Windows will create the new/ folder at your current location. Type a name to your folder. If you don’t type a name, it will assume the name “New Folder’’.


Deleting a Folder or File

When some files become old and outdated, you may wish to remove them and free up space for other applications. It is very easy to delete any folder or files in Windows.


The following method is used to delete a Folder:



  • Click This PC and move your mouse pointer to that disk where the folder is present.
  • Select the folder which you want to delete and press Delete key on the keyboard.
  • The folder that was selected is now deleted.


The deleted files and folders are stored in Recycle bin from where a user can get back the same.


Control Panel


How to start the windows classic control panel in windows 10

To open control panel easily and quickly, you should create a shortcut on your desktop. For this,


  1. Go to Start menu Settings  Personalization and then select Themes from the left windows panel, (or use the Windows search & type Personalization).
  2. Click the Desktop Icon setting option from the right menu.
  3. In the new windows make sure that the control panel option is checked.
  4. Now you have a control panel shortcut on the Desktop from which you can start the windows classic control panel.



The following table lists the various components in the control panel in windows 10.






1. System and Security

Action Centre, Windows Firewall System, Windows Update, Power options, Backup and Restore, Bit Locker Driver Encryption and Administrative Tools.

2. User Accounts

User Accounts, Windows Cardspace, Credential Manager, and Mail 32 bit.

3. Network and Internet

Network and Sharing Centre, Homegroup and Internet options.

4. Appearance and personalization

Personalization, Display, Desktop Gadgets, Taskbar and Start Menu, Ease of Access Centre, Folder options, and Fonts,

5. Hardware and Sound

Device and Printer, Autoplay, Sound, Power Options, Display & Windows Mobilty centre.

6. Clock, Language & Region

Date, Time, Region and Language.

7. Programs

Programs and Features, Default Programs and Desktop Gadgets.

8. Erase of Access

Ease of Access Centre and Speech recognition.

9. Fonts

Allows installing new fonts or removing an existing font.

10. Keyboard

Allows changing and verifying the setting of the keyboard such as repeat rate key of your computer.

11. Mouse

Allows configuring the pointer options, such as scroll speed of a mouse and double-click. You can also change the appearance of the mouse pointer for each task, such as resize.

12. Printers and Faxes

Allows viewing all the jobs queued for each printer the file size and status of each job. You can also set printing or faxing preferences, such as size of  the paper.

13. Sounds and Audio Devices

Allows changing the setting of sound card. You can also set the visibility of the volume icon in the system tray.


How to Install New Software

Depending on how you install an OS, you might have a DVD or an ISO file for a local install, perhaps a USB drive, or you may connect to the install files over a network share. In all cases, you will eventually come to the first Install Windows dialog box. Our instructions begin at that stage.


  • Select your Language, Time and Currency Format, and your Keyboard or Input Method. Then click Next.
  • You will come to a very attractive install screen with a big blue button next to the words Install Now. Click that button.
  • The License Terms will display. When you’re finished reading them, check the acceptance checkbox and click
  • Choose the type of installation you want. You can choose Upgrade or Custom (advanced).
  • Choose the place where you want to save the software. You are shown a disk drive (or disk drives, depending on your hardware configuration). Here you can configure drive options and perform more advanced tasks to configure your system drives. Select your drive and click Next.
  • At this point, the files extract and the installation proceeds without any assistance on your part (reboots occur automatically).
  • The final phases of the installation include choosing a username and computer name. Then click
  • Optionally, you can provide a password and password hint.
  • You can supply your Product Key and choose to Activate your copy of software (or not). Click
  • You can determine whether you want to enable and begin working with Windows Update (and to what degree). You can choose to Use Recommended Settings or to Install Important Updates Only or you can simply choose to Ask Me Later. Personally. You should enable Windows Update and use the recommended settings so that you can get the latest security patches and improvements. The choice is yours, so make a choice to move to the next dialog box.
  • Ensure the correct Time Zone, Date and Time is listed. Click Next.
  • Choose you network location: Home, Work or Public. Home and Work are pretty much the same in that they offer you a more open configuration. Public locks you down for your protection.
  • If you have selected Home, you may be asked if you want to create a Homegroup.
  • If you know what a Homegroup is, you might create one now. You can always create or join an existing Homegroup later (after the installation process). Click Next.
  • The system completes the install, prepares your desktop, and brings you to your Windows 10 desktop. Congratulations! Your software is installed. 


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