Category : 8th Class
Microsoft Excel 2013
Introduction
Microsoft Excel is known as a program that deals with spreadsheet based application. Spreadsheet is an application software used for calculation based applications. In this application software, a user can edit and modify data and also calculate average, sum, difference, etc. A spreadsheet contains rows and columns which forms many cells in a spreadsheet. The Microsoft Excel is open with name. Book 1. By default Book 1 contain one sheet that can be renamed, and additional worksheet can also be added in a work book 1. In this chapter, we will study about working with Microsoft Excel application software.
Cell Reference
There are three types of cell references that you can use in Excel 2013.
For example:
The formula = A1 + B1 is typed into cell C1
Result of formula Type in C1 figure 5.1 is shown in figure 5.2
For Example:

A 
B 
C 
D 
1. 
Region 
Commission Q1 
Commission Q2 
Commission q3 
2. 
Northern 
6500 
5500 
12000 
3. 
Eastern 
7000 
9500 
12000 
In the given figure the formula =$B$2+$C$2 is entered into cell D2 and = $B$3+$C$3 is entered into cell ds. Regarding Absolute References, the value do not change, when they are copied or filled and are used when you want the values to stay the same.
Press F4 key on the formula bar two or three times depending on whether you want to refer to row or column.
Difference between Cell References Types
Difference between Cell References Types
Cell Reference Types 

Reference Type 
Formula 
What Happens After Copying the Formula 
Relative 
=A1 
Both the column letter A and the row number 1 can change. 
Absolute 
=$A$1 
The column letter A and the row number 1 does not change. 
Mixed 
=$A1 
The column letter A cannot change but the row number 1 can change 
Mixed 
=A$1 
The column letter A can change. The row number 1 cannot change. 
Sorting the Data
Sort command is used to arrange the rows of data list alphabetically or numerically in ascending or descending order, based on the contents of the fields or columns.
The sort order options depends on the data type of the column you are sorting on.
You can define your own sorting order by creating a custom list.
Steps to apply sorting in custom list
Creating Charts
MS Excel allows you to create different types of charts. Any table data in a worksheet can be depicted graphically in the form of a chart.
Steps to create chart
Using Formulas and Functions in Excel
Formula
In MSExcel, formula can be defined as an expression which calculate the value of a cell. In Excel, you can perform, addition, substraction, Multiplication and division.
To create a formula
Autosum
The Autosum feature of MSExcel perform addition on a selected column or row of uninterrupted (no blank) cells.
Follow the steps given below to perform Autosum
Functions
A function is a predefined formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation on a range of cells you select, and returns a value or values.
Some of the built in function in MSExcel 2013 are
Mathematical Function
The most commonly used Mathematical functions in excel are ABS, Sum, Round, MOD, SQRT, Power, Trunk etc....
Statistical Functions
The most commonly used statistical functions in excel are Average, Count, Max, Min etc.
Text Function
Text function is used to manipulate or create strings. Some text function list are the following:
Date and Time Function
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