8th Class Mental Ability Analogy

Analogy

Category : 8th Class

 

Analogy

 

Learning Objectives

  • What is Analogy
  • Worker and Product
  • Worker and Tool Relationship
  • Tool and Action
  • Worker and Working Place
  • Product and Raw Material
  • Quantity and Unit
  • Study and Topic
  • Animal and Young Ones

 

Analogy

 

In general, meaning of analogy is similarity. But, in terms of reasoning, the meaning of analogy is logical similarity in two or more things. This similarity may be on the basis of properties, kinds, traits, shapes etc. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. Analogy tools are therefore meant to test one's ability to reason - how far you are able to compare and comprehend the relationship that exists between two objects, things or figures. There are many possibilities in establishing a relationship. Here are some useful points on the basic knowledge required for the test.

 

Worker and Product

 

  • Example

Carpenter: Furniture:: Mason : Wall

Explanation: Carpenter makes Furniture and Mason builds a Wall.

  1. Author: Book
  2. Architect: Design
  3. Butcher: Meat
  4. Chef: Food
  5. Choreographer: Ballet
  6. Cobbler: Shoes
  7. Editor: Newspaper
  8. Farmer: Crop
  9. Judge: Justice
  10. Poet: Poem
  11. Painter: Painting
  12. Tailor: Clothes

          

Worker and Tool Relationship

 

  • Example

Woodcutter: Axe :: Soldier: Gun

Explanation: Axe is the tool used by a Woodcutter, likewise a Soldier uses Gun to shoot.

  1. Author: Pen
  2. Astronomer: Telescope
  3. Barber: Scissors
  4. Butcher: Chopper
  5. Blacksmith: Anvil
  6. Bricklayer: Trowel
  7. Carpenter: Saw
  8. Cobbler: Awl
  9. Doctor: Stethoscope
  10. Farmer: Plough
  11. Gardener: Harrow
  12. Painter: Brush
  13. Sculptor: Chisel
  14. Surgeon: Scalpel
  15. Surgeon: Scalpel

 

Tool and Action

  • Example

Pen: Write :: Knife: Cut

Explanation: Pen is used for Writing and Knife is used for Cutting.

  1. Sword : Slaughter
  2. Auger: Bore
  3. Chisel: Carve
  4. Gun : Shoot
  5. Loudspeaker: Amplify
  6. Microscope : Magnify
  7. Oar: Row
  8. Spade : Dig
  9. Shovel : Scoop
  10. Spoon : Feed
  11. Spanner: Grip
  12. Steering : Drive

 

Worker and Working Place

  • Example

Farmer: Field :: Doctor: Hospital

Explanation: A Farmer works on a Field while a Doctor works in a Hospital.

  1. Artist: Theatre
  2. Actor: Stage
  3. Clerk: Office
  4. Driver: Cabin
  5. Engineer: Site
  6. Lawyer: Court
  7. Mechanic : Garage
  8. Pilot: Cockpit
  9. Sailor: Ship
  10. Scientist: Laboratory
  11. Teacher: School
  12. Warrior: Battlefield
  13. Worker: Factory

 

Product and Raw Material

  • Example

Cloth: Fibre :: Petrol : Crude Oil

Explanation: Cloth is made of Fibre and Petrol is extracted from Crude oil.

  1. Book : Paper
  2. Butter: Milk
  3. Furniture : Wood
  4. Fabric : Yarn
  5. Jaggery : Sugarcane
  6. Sack: Jute
  7. Oil: Seed
  8. Omlette : Egg
  9. Paper: Pulp
  10. Road: Asphalt
  11. Rubber: Latex
  12. Shoes : Leather

 

Quantity and Unit

  • Example

Length: Metre :: Mass: Kilogram

Explanation: Metre is the unit of Length and Kilogram is the unit of Mass.

  1. Angle : Radians
  2. Current: Ampere
  3. Energy : Joule
  4. Force : Newton
  5. Temperature : Kelvin
  6. Potential : Volt
  7. Power: Watt
  8. Pressure : Pascal
  9. Resistance : Ohm
  10. Time : Seconds
  11. Volume : Litre
  12. Work : Joule

 

Instrument and Measurement

  • Example

Barometer: Pressure :: Speedometer: Speed

Explanation: Barometer is used to measure Pressure. Speedometer is used to measure

Speed.

  1. Ammeter: Current
  2. Anemometer: Wind Velocity
  3. Balance : Mass
  4. Hygrometer: Humidity
  5. Rain Gauge : Rain
  6. Screw Gauge : Thickness
  7. Seismograph : Earthquakes
  8. Sphygmomanometer: Blood Pressure
  9. Thermometer: Temperature

 

Study and Topic

  • Example

Botany: Plants :: Ornithology: Birds

Explanation: Botany is the study of Plants/ Ornithology is the study of Birds.

  1. Anthropology: Man
  2. Astrology : Future
  3. Cytology : Cells
  4. Cardiology : Heart
  5. Entomology : Insects
  6. Haematology : Blood
  7. Nephrology : Kidney
  8. Oology : Eggs
  9. Orography : Mountains
  10. Palaeontology : Fossils
  11. Pedology : Soil
  12. Pathology : Diseases
  13. Semantics : Language
  14. Seismology : Earth-quakes
  15. Zoology : Animals

 

Animal and Young Ones

  • Example

Cat: Kitten :: Dog : Puppy

Explanation: Kitten is the young one of a Cat and Puppy is the young one of a Dog.

  1. Butterfly: Caterpillar
  2. Lion : Cub
  3. Cow : Calf
  4. Hen : Chick
  5. Giraffe : Calf
  6. Fish : Fry
  7. Frog : Tadpole
  8. Butterfly : Caterpillar
  9. Buffalo : Calf
  10. Spider: Spider ling
  11. Pig : Piglet
  12. Owl : Owlet
  13. Kangaroo : Joey
  14. Goat: Kid
  15. Rabbit: Kit
  16. Deer: Fawn
  17. Sheep : Lamb
  18. Caw : Calf
  19. Horse : Foal
  20. Elephant: Calf
  21. Duck : Duckling
  22. Tiger: Cub

 

  • Commonly
  • Select the pair which is related in the same way as the pair of words given in the question.

Rubber: Latex ::............:............

(a) Paper: Egg                      

(b) Furniture: Wood

(c) Yarn: Ore                       

(d) Ore: Seed

(e) None of these

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Rubber is made of latex and in the same way Furniture is made of wood. Therefore, option (b) is correct.

 

  • Select the pair of words which are related in the same way as 'current' is related to ‘Ampere’.

(a) Power: Energy                  

(b) Pressure: Time

(c) Force: Newton                 

(d) Mass: Meter

(e) None of these

Answer: (c)

Explanation: 'Ampere' is the S.I. unit of 'current’ and in the same way 'newton' is the S.I. unit of 'force'. Therefore, option (c) is correct.

 

Other Topics

Notes - Analogy
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