Comprehensions Based On General Topic

Category : 9th Class

 

Comprehensions Based On General Topic

 

Study the following examples.

 

·                     Example - 1

 

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow,

 

There are books which are relatively easy to classify this is one such book. Telling the story of how television has evolved over the years, from Nehruvian India to the satellite T V age, may seem like a commonplace thing to do, considering the part that television has come to play in our lives, but it has rarely been attempted in any comprehensive fashion. As the author outlines in the prologue, there have been studies that focused on the pre-liberalization years, as also the initial years of the satellite television age. But it is the story of the last decade or so, when 24-hour news channels appeared to radically transform television and its impact on society and politics, which has not been chronicled significantly.

 

This book attempts to fill that gap. But to explain why and how television has come to be an important cog in the wheel of Indian democracy and a vital ingredient in our social life, it goes back in time to narrate how the Indian state maintained a stranglehold over television till the early 90s and the manner in which satellite television made its entry into India in an illegal roundabout way It talks of how Indian capitalists ushered international agencies in the satellite revolution, later shedding their difference to reverse the power equations, a journey that saw the launch of nearly 300 channels in less than a decade. It deals with the Indian state and how its transformation can be traced through the changing nature of its broadcast law, a phenomenon that has been the state slowly let go of control, albeit reluctantly There is an assessment of the role that advertising has played in the growth of television, seen in the backdrop of the rapid strides taken by Indian capitalism in the post-liberalisation era.

 

1.            What radically transformed TV, and its impact on society and politics?

(a) 24 hour news channels           

(b) Sports channels

(c) Entertainment channels         

(d) Movie channels

(e) None of these

 

2.            What did the book explain?

(a) Importance of book             

(b) Importance of television

(c) Importance of plants            

(d) Importance of media

(e) None of these

 

3.            How many channels do we see on the satellite television?

(a) 300                          (b) 400       

(c) 200                          (d) 100

(e) None of these

 

4.            Who played an important role in growth of T.V.?

(a) Capitalist                  (b) Advertising

(c) Training                    (d) Trade

(e) None of these

 

·                     Example - 2

 

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Nandi is known in Hindu mythology as the vehicle of Shiva. He is also the principal follower (gana) and gatekeeper of Shiva. This is a primary reason why a statue of Nandi faces the main shrine at most temples dedicated to Shiva. The origins of Nandi can be traced back as far as the Indus Valley Civilisation, where a number of artefacts resembling Shiva (also known as Pashupati) have been found. There are a number of legends associated with Nandi. For instance, it is believed that Nandi was born out of the right side of Vishnu and was given as a son to the sage Salankayana. It is also said that it was Nandi who cursed Ravana saying that his kingdom would be burned by a monkey. The curse came true when Hanuman burnt down Lanka while he was searching for Sita, who was imprisoned by Ravana. Another legend tells of how when both the devas and the asuras joined together to obtain the nectar of immortality from the seas, they used Vasuki, the serpent as a rope. But in the process, Vasuki was so nauseated by all the pulling and tugging that he vomited a poison (believed to be Karma) that was dangerous. It was thought that if any deity came into contact with the poison, they would be forced to suffer mortal emotions. However, Lord Shiva was the only one who could fight off the poison, so he came courageously forward to drink it. And when some of the poison spilled out of his mouth, it was his faithful follower Nandi who drank up the residue.

 

1.            Who is Nandi according to Hindu Mythology?

(a) Vehicle of Laxmi               

(b) Vehicle of Yama

(c) Vehicle of Shiva                

(d) Vehicle of Rama

(e) None of these

 

2.            What is the other name of Shiva?

(a) Pashupati                  (b) Pinakin

(c) Hari                          (d) Ganesh

(e) None of these

 

3.            Who cursed Ravana?

(a) Shiva                       (b) Nandi

(c) Ganesh                     (d) Parvati

(e) None of these

 

4.            Who burnt down Lanka?

(a) Nandi                       (b) Rama

(c) Hanuman                  (d) Shiva

(e) None of these

 

Answer

 

Example-1

1.    (a)

2.    (b)

3.    (a)

4.    (b)

Example-2

1.    (c)

2.    (a)

3.    (b)

4.    (c)

 

Notes - Comprehensions Based on General Topics
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