Vocabulary

Category : 9th Class

*       Introduction

 

We come across different words daily. Some words are simple as are normally used regularly, while a few are hard or difficult to understand. Words like, ruin, forecast, principle, etc. are common words. But certain words, like ingenious, adroit, infidel, agnostic, etc. are uncommon words and are difficult to understand. The usage of these words in sentences reduces the chance of easily understanding the text of meaning intended in the sentence.

It is therefore very important that you develop a good store of vocabulary which will surely give you a niche in developing your sense of understanding English.  

 

A list of few uncommon words which are tough to understand  

                                                A  

Abstain: Keep oneself from doing or enjoying something; refrain.

Ex.: At the last election he abstained from voting.

Absurd: Unreasonable; not sensible; foolish in a funny way; ridiculous.

Ex.: It was absurd of you to suggest such a thing.

Abscond: Go away suddenly and secretly.

Ex.: He absconded from the country.

Affray: Disturbance of the peace caused by fighting or rioting in the public place.

Ex.: The men were charged with causing an affray.

Affinity: Structural resemblance or similarity of character; relationship.

Ex.: There is a close affinity between Italian and Spanish.

Aloft: Up in the air; overhead.

Ex.: The balloons were already aloft.

Authentic: Known to be true or genuine; trustworthy; reliable.

Ex.: The court decided to release the culprit basing on authentic evidence.

Amorous: Readily showing or feeling love.

Ex.: He became quite amorous at the office party.

Ardour: Great warmth of feeling; enthusiasm; zeal.

Ex.: His ardour for the cause inspired his followers.

Avail: Make use of something; take advantage of something.

Ex.: You must avail yourself off every opportunity to speak English.  

 

                                                 B  

Bane: Cause of some body's ruin or trouble.

Ex.: Those noisy neigh bours are the bane of my life.

Bawl: Shout or cry loudly.

Ex.:  That baby has been bawling for hours.

Bedevil: Trouble greatly; torment; afflict.

Ex.: Bad weather bedeviled our plans.

Bilk : Avoid paying money to somebody; cheat somebody.

Ex.: He bilked us of all our money.

Blemish: Mark or stain that spoils the beauty or perfection of somebody or something.

Ex.: She has a blemish above her right eye.

Babble: to murmur.

Ex.: Unwanted babbling is an irritating habit.

Baffle: To confuse.

Ex.: The bahaviour of white South Africans towards the coloured people is not only unjust; it also baffles most liberal people.

Barbarian: Uncivilized.

Ex.: Barbarians should have no place in civilized world.

Bashful: Shy.

Ex.: Girls are often bashful in their early youth.

Beguile: To deceive; to while away.

Ex.: The villagers are often beguiled in cities like Delhi and Mumbai.  

 

                                                    C  

Canopy: Over-hanging shelter; an ornamental roof like structure.

Ex.: The hunters use canopy for sleeping while on hunting.

Castigate: Punish.

Ex.: The teacher castigated Sunil for his rude behaviour.

Celibacy: Unmarried or single life.

Ex.: According to Hindu mythology, one should live in celibacy up to the age of twenty five.

Censure: Blame, criticize.

Ex.: The governinent at the Centre is to be censured for the recent inflation.

Coincide: Happen together, agree.

Ex.: The views of Russian and Indian leaders coincide on most issues.

Complacent: satisfied.

Ex: Indians for long remained complacent with their fate and did not put in their best,

Concubine: A woman living with a man but not actually married.

Ex.: George Eliot, the famous novelist of the 19th century, led the life of d concubine for quite some time.

Confiscate: To seize by authority.

Ex.: During the raid, the CBI has confiscated the property of many politicians.

Cumulative: All together, collected.

Ex.: Can anyone be unaware of the cumulative results of our governmental planning.

Cynic: A philosopher criticizing everyone and everything.

Ex.: W.M. Thackeray, a well known cynic, occupies an important position in English literature.  

 

                                                       D  

Dearth: Scarcity.

Ex.: There is no dearth of talent in our country.

Debar: Prohibit.

Ex.: The students caught cheating in the examination are debarred by the Delhi University for three years.

Delinquent: To do wrong, violation of law.

Ex.: The government is a bit lenient in dealing with cases of delinquency of young people as it does not want to spoil their career.

Demise: Death.

Ex.: The nation was shocked at the news of sudden demise of its beloved leader Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri.

Demure: Quiet, shy and modest.

Ex.: Shilpa is demure by nature and does not like to talk much.

Deprave: Corrupt.

Ex.: Depraved people should have no place in the political arena.

Denizen: Citizen, inhabitant.

Ex.: The government wants to look after even the denizens of the thick forest.

Discern: Make out, find out.

Ex.: Judges can easily discern the truth from the lies.

Dubious: Not clear, occasioning great doubt.

Ex.: The dubious behaviour of Shanti caused doubts in the mind of Rohan.

Drub: Beat.

Ex.: The police just does not spare anybody these days and the outlaws often get a drubbing at its hands.  

 

                                                           E  

Ebullient: Enthusiastic or full of excitement.

Ex.: The words of Henry pinched George and he was ebullient to take revenge.

Eccentric: Out of the usual course, different from normal people.

Ex.: Most of the intellectuals become a bit eccentric as they fail to make compromises with the practical world.

Effrontery: Shameless boldness.

Ex.: The government of Pakistan is showing an attitude that is nothing short of effrontery and deserves general condemnation.

Elapse: To pass silently.

Ex.: One rarely realizes that youth is transitory and is bound to elapse.

Elegant: Pleasing, of good taste.

Ex.: Swapnil is an elegant young boy and reveals the nobility of his blood.

Elegy: A poem or song written on death.

Ex.: Many important and well known poets of English literature have written elegies.

Elixir: A liquor thought to have the power of prolonging life.

Ex.: Water has rightly been called the elixir of life.

Elysium: Heaven, any delightful place.

Ex.: Everyone wishes to find a place in the elysium after death.

Embark: To start a work or go on board a ship.

Ex.: One must embark upon a plan or project after considerable thought.

Emulate: Strive to excel or to improve.

Ex.: One must never feel jealous of others, of course, one should try to emulate the good people in life.  

 

                                                         F  

Fabricate: To devise falsely.

Ex.: Students often fabricate stories about late classes, etc. to convince their parents and go to movies.

Fallible: Liable to commit mistake or error.

Ex.: No human being can claim to be infallible, because nature has made in an fallible.

Fanatic: Unreasonably zealous.

Ex.: Aurangzeb has been called fanatic by all historians.

Fantasy: Fancy, imagination.

Ex.: The ghost of Hamlet has been called nothing but the fantasy of Prince Hamlet.

Fastidious: Affecting or pretending superiority.

Ex.: I just cannot stand fastidious people.

Felon: Disloyal, traitorous.

Ex.: Felony is punishable with imprisonment in the

U.S. Fend: To keep off.

Ex.: In heavily populated areas one has to provide adequate arrangements in the house to fend the mice from destroying household items.

Fiasco: A failure.

Ex.: The cricket match ended in fiasco as one of the teams backed out at the last moment.

Flatulent: Empty, vain.

Ex.: Flatulent talk cut no ice with anyone in this realistic world.

Flirt: To trifle with love, to throw with a jerk.

Ex.: Flirting has become a hobby and a pastime with the modern youth.  

 

                                                      G  

Gab: Talk, chatter.

Ex.: Gabbing is an art at which women certainly carry the day.

Genial: Cordial.

Ex.: India wants to maintain genial relations with all' its neighboring countries.

Gestation: Carrying of youth in womb, pregnancy.

Ex.: Men can at best imagine the difficulties in the gestation period.

Gesticulate: Use the movement of hand and feet when speaking.

Ex.: A lot of people have the habit of gesticulating while speaking.

Giddy: Dizzy.

Ex.: I am feeling giddy because of working continuously for three days and two nights.

Glum: Sullen, sad, moody, gloomy.

Ex.: Please wipe the glum look of your face and try and look cheerful.

Grasp: Understand.

Ex.: Raj always finds it hard to grasp the mathematical problems.

Gratify: Satisfy, delight.

Ex.: Many men and women seek gratification outside their wedlock.

Grudge: III will.

Ex.: One must not bear grudge again anyone in life.

Guile: Malice.

Ex.: India does not bear any gulle against (sny country.  

 

                                                H  

Haggle: Dispute on terms or rate.

Ex.: Certain shopkeepers do not entertain any haggling on the prices.

Hanky-panky: Deceptive behaviour.

Ex.: lot of hanky-panky smuggling goes on in coastal towns.

Harass: Worry, trouble.

Ex.: The 1styear students are often harassed by their seniors on their arrival in the college.

Harlot: Prostitute.

Ex.: The government has officially restricted the harlots to the red-light areas.

Hearth: Part of room meant for making fire.

Ex.: Every old English home has a hearth.

Haze: Mist.

Ex.: One must drive slow when it is haze all around during winter season.

Heathen: Not adhering to any religion.

Ex: Wordsworth stated in the poem: The world is too much with us, that he would prefer to become a heathen because that way he will be in a closer touch with nature.

Hideous: Repulsive, morally detestable.

Ex.: Hideous crimes were meted out to the people of Bangladesh by the Yahya Khan's regime.

Histrionic: Of or pertaining to stage or actors.

Ex.: Unfortunately, our artists are not valued for their histrionic talents but for their glamour.

Hotchpotch: Confused, jumbled.

Ex.: of course you are bound to find a bachelor's flat in a hotchpotch.  

 

                                                       I  

Idiosyncratic: Having peculiar temper.

Ex.: Idiosyncratic people either reach the top in life or find it difficult to make two ends meet.

Illusion: Unreal or misleading image presented to the vision, s deceptive appearance.

Ex.: The people who live under illusions often face disappointment in life.

Imbibe: To absorb, to saturate, soak, steep.

Ex.: We must try to imbibe the spirit of teachings provided by great men of our country.

Immigrate: To come into a country of which one is not a native.

Ex.: Lot of Indians immigrate to America and Australia every year.

Immune: Exempt from tax, protected against disease as by inoculation, enjoying immunity.

Ex.: When a disease threatens to spread one must get himself injected and become immune to the disease.

Impeach: To accuse.

Ex.: Our Constitution provides the liberty to the Parliament to impeach the President in case of grave charges against him or her.

Impede: To slow in progress, obstruct, hinder.

Ex.: No forces should be allowed to impede the progress of the country.

Impertinent: Irrelevant, inapplicable, inappropriate, rude.

Ex.: No gentleman should be prepared to tolerate impertinent remarks.

Impetus: Driving or moving force.

Ex.: Our ambition in life to do something always acts as an impetus for working hard in life.

Ingenuous: Innocent, frank, of a superior character.

Ex.: In this corrupt world one can expect not more than five per cent people to be ingenuous. ,  

 

                                                        J  

Jab: Sudden thrust.

Ex.: Mohammed Ali, famous name is wrestling, is known for his nonstop jabs and that is the secret of his many victories.

Jargon: Unintelligible speech.

Ex.: Arun claims himself to be great orator but the speech that he gave the other day was all jargon.

Jaunty: Showy.

Ex.: Young boys and girls have craze for jaunty dresses.

Judicious: Prudent.

Ex.: He is always judicious in his selection of clothes.

Juno: A very beautiful woman.

Ex.: Somejunos like Helen and Cleopatra occupy an immortal place in the history of the world.

Jabber: Chatter rapidly or unintelligibly.

Ex.: Why does the fellow insist on jabbering away in Chinese when I can't understand a word he says?

Jettison: Throw overboard.

Ex.: In order to enable the ship to ride safely through the storm, the captain had to jettison much of his cargo.

Jostle: Push roughly against somebody in crowd.

Ex.: The you thsjostled an old lady on the pavement.

Jocund: Merry, cheerful.

Ex.: The girl looked jocund in the company of her father who was taken a prisoner and was released after long seven years.

Jeopardy: In danger of harm, loss or destruction.

Ex.: A fall in demand for oil tankers has put / placed thousands of jobs in the shipbuilding industry in jeopardy.  

 

                                                            K  

Kaleidoscope: Optical toy in which a whole lot of coloured designs can be seen.

Ex.: Children have a great craze for kaleidoscope.

Kin: Kith and kin, near and dear.

Ex.: At Rashmi's weeding all the kith and kin are supposed to remain present.

Knack: Dexterity, aptitude.

Ex.: One must have the knack of becoming popular to achieve success in politics.

Knave: Villain, rogue.

Ex.: A knave and a jester is almost a must in every Indian film.

Kindred: Related, belonging to the same family.

Ex.: Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn were two kindred spirits.

Kudos: Honour, glory, praise.

Ex.: The singer complacently received kudos from his entourage on his performance.

Kindle: Catch fire.

Ex.: The sparks kindled the dry grass.

Kingpin: Essential person or thing.

Ex.: He is the kingpin of the whole team.

Knead: Press and stretch with the hands to form a firm smooth paste.

Ex.: Knead the dough.

Keynote: Central theme of a speech, book, etc.

Ex.: Unemployment has been the keynote of the conference,  

 

                                                              L  

Lampoon: A personal satire in writing, usually malicious or abusive, by 18111 century poets.

Ex.: The contemporaries of Alexander Pope were good at the art of composing lampoon.

Languish: Become weak or faint.

Ex.: l have seen people languishing in love only on the screen.

Laud: Praise.

Ex.: The boy deserves laud for his unimaginable performance in the competition.

Lethargy: Laziness, drowsiness.

Ex.: One is bound to feel lethargic at times, since all human beings are bound by natural laws.

Licentious: Sexually immoral.

Ex.: The extremely poor and the rich are found to be licentious.

Lieu: Instead of.

Ex.: The court ordered all the people staying in the industrial area to leave in lieu of the government's allotment of plot to them in residential areas.

Litigate: Carry on a law suit.

Ex.: The poor just cannot afford to go in for litigation.

Loathe: Hate.

Ex.: Pakistan instead of appreciating the rapid strides made by India in the field of science simply loathes them.

Loggerhead: Engaged in quarrel.

Ex.: Once the two of them used to boast of their friendship, today, they are at loggerheads with each other.

Loquacious: Given to talking, garrulous.

Ex.: Most women are known to be loquacious.  

 

                                                        M  

Madden: To make or become mad.

Ex.: Constant driving in Delhi is so taxing that it bound to madden a person.

Make-believe: Story full of lies.

Ex.: Nobody can believe in his make-believe stories for a long time.

Malnutrition: Unsuitable or insufficient feeding.

Ex.: According to the United Nations finding, majority of the Indians suffer from malnutrition.

Mammoth: Very large.

Ex.: Election meetings are attended by mammoth crowds.

Mandate: An authoritative command or order.

Ex.: In democracy, it is the people's mandate that ultimately matters.

Manifest: Clear, evident to the senses, up to the sight.

Ex.: It is more than manifest that Indian democracy is the most successful democracy.

Meager: Destitute of riches, strength or the like.

Ex.: The poor people have to make their two ends meet with the meager resources at their disposal.

Medico: A physician, surgeon or medical student.

Ex.: Medicos are given not only all the respect but also several privileges in our country.

Mendicancy: Beggary.

Ex.: Shri Sainath Maharaj of Shirdi lived his whole life by means of mendicancy.

Mundane: Of or pertaining to earth, worldly.

Ex.: We must learn the mundane wisdom if we want to be a success.  

 

                                                           N  

Nagging: Constantly finding fault.

Ex.: If an employer constant lings his employees they are bound to lose interest in the job.

Nausea: Inclination to vomit.

Ex.: when one travels is for the first time by ship he is bound to experience nausea.

Neology: Coining of new words, introduction of new sense of old words.

Ex.: Neology is an unending process and is responsible for enriching languages.

Nibble: To keep on eating a little more or less constantly.

Ex.: Women mostly have the habit of nibbling between meals.

Nestle: To settle comfortably.

Ex.: Mothers always care to nestle their young ones.

Nightmare: Dreadful dream.

Ex.: Guilty people often experience nightmare.

Nostalgia: Home-sickness.

Ex.: Students suffer from nostalgia when they have to stay away from home at boarding hostels.

Novice: A beginner.

Ex.: Every professional expert must have been a novice once.

Nurture: Nursing or nourishing.

Ex.:  do not believe in nurturing a grudge against anyone.

Nymph: Young and beautiful semi-divine maiden.

Ex.: Almost all poets talk of nymphs in their poems.  

 

                                                      O  

Oasis: Green spot in a desert, any place of rest or pleasure in the midst of toil and gloom.

Ex.: Thomas Hardy, the 19th century novelist, who is known for his pessimism believed that man's life was a big desert with a few oasis in it.

Obdurate: Difficult to influence, stubborn.

Ex.: It is very difficult to pull on with obdurate people, who refuse to entertain anybody's opinion.

Oblivion: Act of forgetting, official ignorance of offences.

Ex.: After excessive drinking one does reach a state of oblivion.

Occult: Hidden, mystical, crossing the bounds of natural knowledge, magic.

Ex.: Indians have firm faith in the occult powers.

Odyssey: Greek epic written by Homer, a long wandering, or series of travels.

Ex.: Odyssey is really one of the very few epics that have been penned down in the world literature.

Ogle: To look fondly, amorously.

Ex.: People are often seen ogling frustrated men and women at railway stations when they had to wait long for trains.

Opera: Musical drama.

Ex.: Operas have all along been very popular in our country.

Oration: Public speech on a special occasion.

Ex.: If a person is good at oration, he is bound to have certain advantages over others.

Ordeal: A difficult thing.

Ex.: One has to pass through many ordeals in life to attain success.

Over Rack: To torture or trouble beyond bearing.

Ex.: Many a time the seniors over Rack the fresher's which is not at all a good practice.  

 

                                                     P  

Pacify: To tranquilize, calm.

Ex.: Whenever my friends get heated upon any issue, I have to pacify them.

Pamper: Overindulge, flatter.

Ex.: Everyone likes to be pampered, though all seem to speak against it.

Paragon: A model, a type of perfection.

Ex.: Everyone believes himself to be a paragon of virtues.

Parlance: Formal conversation, discourse.

Ex.: Parlance is an art at which very few people are good.

Pedagogue: dogmatic school teacher.

Ex.: The old pedagogues used to pay lot of attention to grammar but these days it is just neglected.

Perpetual: Lasting forever, continuous.

Ex.: Some people have perpetual headache and they just do not know how to get rid of it.

Perspicuous: Lucid, plain.

Ex.: Some Indian writers have perspicuous expression in English language.

Pertinacious: persistent, adhering resolutely to an opinion.

Ex.: Pertinacious efforts are bound to bear fruit.

Plebiscite: Decision by direct voting.

Ex.: Pakistan has never allowed its own people to exercise free franchise but it has always been demanding a plebiscite in Kashmir.

Pliable: easily influenced.

Ex.: Rajesh has such a pliable nature that almost anyone can convince him.      

 

                                                Q  

Quaint: Old, curious, whimsical.

Ex.: Some people have a craze for quaint things.

Quandary: State of perplexity, puzzling situation.

Ex.: It needs guts to come out of quandary and take bold decisions in life.

Quaver: Tremble.

Ex.: When a novice starts speaking understandably his voice is bound to quaver.

Queer: Odd, strange.

Ex.: Charles Dickens, the famous Victorian novelist, loved to delineate the queer characters.

Quibble: Play on words, evasion.

Ex.: Some people can never think logically to give a valid suggestion but love to quibble and delay the proceedings.

Quagmire: Soft wet boggy land, complex or dangerous situation from which it is difficult to fee oneself.

Ex.: Up to her knees in mud, Myra wondered how on earth she was going to extricate herself from his quagmire.

Qualms: Misgivings, uneasy fears, especially about matters of conscience.

Ex.: I have no qualms about giving this assignment to Rekha; I know she sill handle it admirably.

Quirk: Startling twist, caprice.

Ex.: By the quirk of fate, he found himself working for the man whom he had discharged years before.

Quizzical: Teasing, bantering, mocking, curious.

Ex.: When the skinny teenager tripped over his own feet stepping into the bullpen, Coach raised one quizzical eyebrow, shook his head, and said, 'Okay, kid. You're her, let's see what you've got.'

Quietus: Release from life, extinction.

Ex.: The plan has finally got its quietus, i.e. been abandoned.  

 

                                             R  

Rabid: Headstrong.

Ex.: The Stuart kings are known in history as rabids.

Radical: Essential, thorough.

Ex.: Radical changes are required in the basic structure of our education system.

Rakish: Debauched.

Ex.: Most of the capitalists are rakish in character.

Ransack: To make a thorough search.

Ex.: The thirst for knowledge makes a man ransack number of books.

Rapport: Relationship, communication.

Ex.: A good speaker easily establishes rapport with his audience.

Rebellion: Revolt.

Ex.: All the Mughal kings had to face rebellions from their own successors.

Recede: To shrink back.

Ex.: Pakistan receded its army from Indian territory when it was given a befitting reply.

Reciprocate: To give and take mutually.

Ex.: Most of the visits of State heads are based on reciprocal basis.

Recluse: Living in retirement.

Ex.: In ancient India, a number of recluse lived in the Himalayas.

Recuperate: Recover from illness.

Ex.: A man is both physically and mentally weak when he is recuperating.  

 

                                                  S  

Salvation: State of being saved from sin.

Ex.: Indians of yesteryears were more bothered about the salvation of their soul than anything else.

Sarcasm: Bitter remarks.

Ex.: 18th century English literature is full of sarcasm.

Satiate: Satisfy to the full.

Ex.: We want to satiate our physical hunger and allow our minds to starve.

Saturate: Limit, to the full.

Ex.: The frustration among the people in Pakistan has reached the point of saturation.

Scavenger: Sweeper of a person allowed to clean streets.

Ex.: The government is serious about improving the lot of scavengers in the country.

Scoff: Taunt, mocking.

Ex.: People remain on the lookout of an opportunity to scoff fat others.

Scramble: Struggle with others.

Ex.: A couple of years back people had to scramble for obtaining essential commodities.

Scribble: Write carelessly as one feels.

Ex.: People who scribble create problems for readers.

Sedative: Soothing.

Ex.: In the present day world, which is really full of tensions, sedatives are a whole lot in demand.

Sedulous: Diligent.

Ex.: Sedulous people always are in a position to climb the ladder of success in life.  

 

                                                T  

Taciturn: Reserved, silent.

Ex.: Taciturn always want to weigh a thing before they speak out.

Tantalize: To torment.

Ex.: People who build castles in the air often have to undergo tantalization.

Tattler: Idle talker.

Ex.: Nobody has time in the present world to listen to tattlers.

Tavern: Public house where liquor is sold.

Ex.: English for ages has been known for it taverns the world over.

Tedious: Wearisome, tiresome. A job involving mere formal paper work appears very tedious to me.

Teetotaler: One who does not use any intoxicants. Among my friends, I know of now who is a teetotaler.

Temerity: Rashness. Young boys who are full of temerity, often land in problems.

Tenacity: Persistency, adhesiveness in life. Tenacity often proves a key to success in life.

Thematic: Belonging to a theme. In the civil service examination, candidates are expected to find out the thematic unity in a passage.

Throng: Crowd. People thronged the wrestling arena to see the bouts between world famous wrestlers.  

 

                                                      U  

Ulterior: Beyond what appears. Very few nations help others on humanitarian ground. Most of them have ulterior motives.

Unequivocal: Explicit, unambiguous. I prefer people whose talks are clear and unequivocal.

Unilateral: One sided contract. India has unilaterally decided to export sugar to the Middle East in the lean months.

Usury: Lending of money at exorbitant rates. The government has recently taken a series of steps to curb the practise of usury.

Unanimity: Complete agreement. We were surprised by the unanimity with' which members of both parties accepted our proposals.

Unctuous: Oily, bland, and insincerely suave. Uriah Heep disguised his nefarious actions by unctuous protestations of his 'humility'.

Unpalatable: Distasteful, disagreeable. I refuse to swallow your conclusion, said she, finding his logic unpalatable.

Urbane: Suave, refined, elegant. The courtier was urbane and sophisticated.

Uncanny: Unnatural. I had an uncanny feeling of being watched.

Unabated: As strong, violent, serious, etc. as before. Our enthusiasm remained unabated.  

 

                                                    V  

Vacillate: Waver, move to and fro.

Ex.: The management keeps on vacillating and never takes a firm stand on any issue.

Valediction: Farewell.

Ex.: At valedictory functions many students and teachers come very close to weeping.

Vamp: Woman who consciously and knowingly allures man.

Ex.: Vamps have become very popular on the screen, and many artists love to act as vamps.

Vanquish: Conquer, overcome.

Ex.: Alexander the Great vanquished all his opponents.

Vengeance: Revenge.

Ex.: We must not allow the spirit of vengeance to grow within us.

Veracious: Truthful, honest.

Ex.: His statements are so convincing and veracious that not iota of doubt is left in anyone's mind after hearing him.

Vicissitude: Unexpected change of fortune, irregular change.

Ex.: Vicissitudes and ups and down are part of life and should be taken in that spirit.

Vitiate: To contaminate, spoil, harm.

Ex.: It is always a few who vitiate the whole class.

Voracious: Greedy, excessively eager, immoderate, insatiable.

Ex.: When parents want to marry their sons for dowry they act in a voracious manner.

Vulnerable: Weaker sections of society, not proof against wounds.

Ex.: Our government is doing a lot for the up lift mint of the vulnerable sections of the society.  

 

                                            W  

Waive: Renounce intentionally, to defer.

Ex.: Delhi University did not waive off the minimum attendance restriction this year.

Wangle: Manipulate.

Ex.: Our principal is so good at administration that he can wangle through all problems.

Willy-nilly: Willing or unwilling.

Ex.: Willy-nilly, I dragged him along with me to watch the movie.

Wilt: To limp, to lose strength.

Ex.: The young men must not wilt under pressure of any sort, they should rather be prepared to meet all eventualities.

Wizard: Magician, genius.

Ex.: The wizards of Bengal are known for their magical deeds throughout the country.

Wrath: Anger.

Ex.: The show of wrath can never solve any problem.

Wreck: Destruction (especially of ships).

Ex.: Earthquake wrecked lot of old buildings in the city.

Waif: Homeless child or animal.

Ex.: Although he already had eight cats, he could not resist adopting yet another feline waif.

Wallow: Roll in, indulge in, become helpless.

Ex.: The hippopotamus loves to wallow in the mud.

Wince: Shrink back, flinch.

Ex.: The screech of the chalk on the blackboard made her wince.  

 

                                            X Y Z  

Xenophobia: Intense dislike or fear of foreigners or strangers.

Ex.: Excessive patriotism can lead to xenophobia.

Yammer: Talk noisily and continuously complain or speak in a whining, grumbling manner.

Ex.: I do wish they would stop yammering on about the size of the bill.

Yearn: Desire strongly or with compassion or tenderness, be filled with longing.

Ex.: She yearned to return to her native country.

Yawn: Take a deep breath with the mouth wide open.

Ex.: The boy yawned in the classroom as he did not sleep the whole night yesterday.

Yield: Bear, produce or provide.

Ex.: Building societies' investment accounts yield high interest.

Job: Aggressive, ill-tempered and ill-mannered young person, lout.

Ex.: A job came to the party and spoilt the temperament of the environment.

Yokel: Simple-minded country person, bumpkin.

Ex.: I met a yokel while travelling from Indore to Bhopal.

Zeal: Eager enthusiasm.

Ex.: Sheela's zeal was contagious; soon all her fellow students were busily making posters, inspired by her ardent enthusiasm for the cause.

Zenity: Point directly overhead in the sky, summit.

Ex.: When the sun was at its zenith, the glare was not as strong as a sunrise and sunset.

Zoom: Move very quickly with a buzzing or humming noise.

Ex.: The jet zoomed low over our head.    

 

 

example.jpg

 

Find the appropriate meaning of the underlined words from the given sentences.  

 

  He wanted to translate and explain the meaning of the poems from French to English.

(a) Interpolate                                                 

(b) Interpret                     

(c) Infer                                                               

(d) Deduce

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation: (b)

Interpret will be the correct option to replace the term' translate and explain' in the sentence.  

 

 

  The inane remarks of the leader annoyed the countrymen.

(a) Vacuous                                                       

(b) False                              

(c) Baseless                                       

(d) Insignificant

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation: (a)

The correct option will be vacuous instead of inane.  

 

 

  I don't accept the promise one makes falsely to his employees.

(a) Words                                                           

(b) Statement                  

(c) Declaration                                                  

(d) Vow

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (d)

Explanation: (D)

The appropriate synonym to replace promise will be vow.  

 

 

  The manager maintained tout lipped to main the secrecy of the company's policy.

(a) Tight                                                              

(b) Firm                               

(c) Strict                                                              

(d) Stern

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation: (a)

The correct synonym will be tight in place of tout.    

 

 

  Water from the vassal was drained to make it empty.

(a) Clean                                                             

(b) Unfilled                        

(c) Vacant                                                           

(d) Bare

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (c)

Explanation: (c)

Empty in the sentence can be replaced by vacant among the options.  

 

 

  We were surprised by the unanimity with which leaders of both the parties accepted our proposals.

(a) Agreement                                                 

(b) Complete agreement

(c) Conformity                                                  

(d) Concord

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation: (b)

The appropriate option will be complete agreement in place of unanimity.  

 

 

  Caught up in the wonder of the storyteller's tale, the rapt listeners sat motionless, hanging on his every word.

(a) Obsessed                                                   

(b) Fanatical                      

(c) Enchanted                                   

(d) Fervent

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (c)

Explanation: (c)

Rapt in the sentence can be replaced by enchanted.  

 

 

  She refused to join us in the late night party because she claimed it gave her insomnia.

(a) Immoderate                                               

(b) Wakefulness              

(c) Stealthy                                                        

(d) Sneaky

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation: (b)

Insomnia is a disease caused due to late night sleep where adperson does not or could not get compete sleep owing to some mental stress orders order, or tension. The correct option will be wakefulness in place of insomnia in the sentence.  

 

 

  In the guise of a servant, the detective investigated the case of murder.

(a) Sociable                                        

(b) Appearance                               

(c) Pretext                                                                         

(d) Context

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation: (a)

The appropriate option will be sociable in place of guise In the sentence.        

 

 

  Rajiv often exasperated his sister with his pranks.

(a) Challenges                                                 

(b) Advocates                   

(c) Seduces                                                        

(d) Urge

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (d)

Explanation: (d)

The meaning of exasperate is to infuriate or wind up. The correct option will be urge.  

 

 

  I can tell when she is under stress by the way the veins distend on his fore head.

(a) Inflate                                                           

(b) Blow                              

(c) Raise                                                              

(d) Expand

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (d)

Explanation: (d)

Distend means to expand or swell. The correct option which could replace distend in the sentence is expand.                       

 

 

  The tidal wave obliterated several villages.

(a) Demolish                                     

(b) Eradicate                     

(c) Wiped out                                   

(d) Abolished

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (c)

Explanation: (c)

The correct option will be obliterated which means completely destroyed.  

 

 

  The bird flew from one tree to another.

(a) Flitted                                                           

(b) Moved                         

(c) Darted                                                           

(d) Whizzed

(e) None of these      

 

Answer: (a)

Explanation: (a)

The appropriate synonym to replace flew in the sentence.  

 

 

  Because he refused to marry the girl his parent had chosen for him, everyone scolded Mahesh and called him a foolish headstrong man.

(a) Impulsive                                                     

(b) Imperative                  

(c) Stubborn                                                      

(d) Reckless

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (c)

Explanation: (c)

Headstrong means willful or determined. The correct option which could replace headstrong in the sentence is stubborn.      

 

 

  He incurred the animosity of the ruling class because he doctrine limitations of their power.

(a) Objection                                                    

(b) Hatred                          

(c) Delight                                                          

(d) Approval

(e) None of these

 

Answer: (b)

Explanation: (b)

The correct option which could replace animosity in the sentence is hatred.  

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