Circle

Category : 9th Class

*       Circle

 

We know that circle is locus of a point which moves in plane in such way that its distance from a fixed point is always constant. In this section we will emphasis on sectors, segment etc.  

 

*            Sector of a Circle

The region enclosed by an arc of a circle and its two bounding radii, called sector of the circle.

In the above given figure. OABC is a sector of the circle with centre 0. Here AC is the minor arc therefore, OABC is the minor sector and other plane sector is the major sector.   Segment A segment of a circle is the region bounded by an arc and a chord. The segment containing minor arc is called a minor segment. While the segment containing the major arc is the major segment. The centre of the circle lies in the major segment.

 

 

Arc

A continuous piece of a circle is called an arc of the circle. In the figure given y below AB is an arc of a circle with centre O, denoted by \[\overset\frown{AB}\]. In the figure given I below \[\overset\frown{ACB}\] is the minor arc and \[\overset\frown{ADB}\] is the major arc.

 

 

Central Angle 

An angle subtended by an arc at the centre of a circle is called central angle. In the figure given below of a circle with center 0 central angle of \[\overset\frown{AB}=\angle AOB=\theta \]. If \[\theta <180{}^\circ \] then the arc AB is called the minor arc and the arc BA is called the major arc.

 

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