ANALOGY

Category : 9th Class

WHAT IS ANALOGY?

In such type of problems a particular relationship is followed between two pairs of letters, words, numbers, group of numbers, group of letters given on the either side of: : . Student has to identify the relationship and choose the correct answer from the given four options followed by the question.

 

 

EXAMPLE

 

 

1.  In the following question, there is a pair of numbers on either side of the sign "::". Each pair is connected in the same way. One number of a pair is missing and marked '?'. Identify the relationship and choose a number from given alternatives that can replace the mark'?'. 

     5 : 126 :: 4 : ?

    (a) 16                                    (b) 64                            (c) 65                (d) 120

 

Explanation (c):

The rule used is \[x:\text{ }{{x}^{3}}+1\]

That is on either side of:: second number = (1st number)3 + 1

 

 

2.  BEGK is related to ADFJ in the same way as PSVY is related to  _________   ?

      (a) LOQT                (b) ROUX                      (c) OTUZ                      (d) ORUX

 

Explanation (d):

Clearly, each letter of the first group in a pair is moved one step backward to obtain the corresponding letter of the second group.

                                 

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