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UPSC Geography Minerals and Energy Resources Short Notes - Mineral Resources

Short Notes - Mineral Resources

Category : UPSC

 

Mineral Resources

 

Aluminium                                   -              Kerala

Antimony                                     -              Antimony deposits are found in Punjab and Karnataka.

Asbestos                                       -              Karnataka and Rajasthan.

Barytes (Barium Sulphate)           -              Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Manbhum and Singhbhum

                                                                    districts of Jharkhand.

Bauxite                                    -           Ranchi and Palamau districts of Jharkhand, Belgaum, Jharia              and Thana districts of Maharashtra, Balaghat, Jabalpur,

                                                       Mandya and Bilaspur districts of Chhattisgarh.

Beryllium Sands                           -               Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Kashmir and Bihar.

Cement                                        -                Katni (M.P), Lakheri (Rajasthan), Jabalpur (M.P.), Guntur

                                                        (Andhra Pradesh), Jhinikapani (Singhbhum district of

                                                        Jharkhand), Surajpur (Haryana).

China Clay                                   -                Rajmahal Hills, Singhbhum (district of Jharkhand), Kerala.

Chromite                                      -                Singhbhum and Bhagalpur (Jharkhand), Ratnagiri,

                                                     Salem (Tamil Nadu), Karnataka, Keonjhar (Odisha),Ladakh                            (Kashmir).                                 

Coal                                             -                Raniganj (West Bengal), Jharia, Bokaro (Jharkhand), Giri-

                                                        dih, Karanpur, Panch Valley and Chanda (M.P), Singareni

                                                        (Andhra Pradesh) and Mukum (Assam).

Cobalt                                          -                Rajasthan and Kerala.

Copper                                         -                Jharkhand (Singhbhum and Barajamda), Chhattisgarh,

                                                                       Rajasthan (Khetri).

Diamond                                      -                 Diamond mines are found in Panna district of Madhya

                                                         Pradesh, Raipur district of Chhattisgarh.

Feldspar                                        -                 Burdwan (West Bengal), Rewa (M.P), Tiruchirapalli (Tamil

                                                         Nadu), Alwar and Ajmer.

Gold                                             -                 Kolar gold-fields (Karnataka).

Graphite                                       -                 Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu,

                                                                      Karnataka, Odisha and Kerala.

Gypsum                                        -                Bikaner and Jodhpur (Rajasthan), Tiruchirapalli (Tamil

                                                         Nadu), Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh,

Iron Ore                                        -                Singhbhum (Jharkhand), Chhattisgarh, Keonjhar and

                                                         Mayurbhanj (Odisha).

Lac                                                -                West Bengal.

Lead                                              -                Zawar in Udaipur and at the Banjavi mines in Jaipur.

Lignite                                           -                Neyveli in South Arcot district (Tamil Nadu).

Limestone                                      -               Singareni and Singhbhum (Jharkhand), Panchmahals

                                                        (Gujarat), Balaghat, Bhandara, Chhindwara, Nagpur,

                                                        Indore, Vishakhapatnam, Sandur (Tamil Nadu).

Manganese,                                  -               Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.

Marble                                           -               Jaipur (Rajasthan).                                 

Mica                                                              Koderma in Hazaribagh district, Jharkhand, Monghyr

                                                        (Bihar), Nellore in Andhra Pradesh.               

Monazite Sands                             -               Found in abundance in Travancore Coast (Kerala).   

Nitre                                              -               Bihar, U.R, Tamil Nadu and Punjab.                  

Petroleum                                                     Digboi, Badarpur, Musimpur and Patharia fields of Assan-

Pitchblende                                    -             Gaya (Bihar).                                     

Red Stone                                      -              Jodhpur [Rajasthan).                              

salt                                                 -             Sambhar Lake (Rajasthan}, and is also obtained from

                                                       ocean water in Rann of Kutch, on the north-western and

                                                        south-eastern littoral (sea-shore) of India.           

Saltpetre                                       -               Punjab, U.P. and Bihar.                             

Silmanite                                -                     Khasi Hills (Assam), Rewa (M.P).                    

silver                                      -                  Goldfields (Karnataka), Singhbhum and Manbhum (Jharkhand),       Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan.

Tungsten                                -                    Bihar, Nagpur (Maharashtra) and Marwan           

Uranium                                 -                   Bihar,

Zinc                                        -                   Zawar mines in Udaipur (Rajasthan).

Zircon                                     -                   Beach sands of Kerala and Cape Comorin.

Census 2011

 

  • It is the 15th National Census survey conducted by the Census Organization of India.
  • C. Chandramouli -Commissioner & Registrar General of the Census 2011.
  • Survey has been conducted in 2 phases - house listing and population.


 

MOST POPULATED METROS

1

Mumbai

18,414,288

2

Delhi

16,314,838

3

Kolkata

14,112,536

4

Chennai

8,696,010

5

Bangalore

8,499,399

 

TOP GROWTH RATE

1

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

55.88 %

2

Daman and Diu

53.76 %

3

Puducherry

28.08 %

4

Meghalaya

27.95 %

5

ArunachalPradesh

26.03 %

 

TOP LITERATE STATES

1

Kerala

94.00%

2

Lakshadweep

91.85%

3

Mizoram

91.33%

4

Goa

88.70 %

5

Tripura

87.22 %

 

BEST SEX RATIO

1

Kerala

1084

2

Puducherry

1037 

3

Tamil Nadu

996

4

Andhra Pradesh

993

5

Manipur

992

 

Indian Population Census 2011 covered a number of parameters during the survey like population, growth rate in population, rate of literacy, density of population, sex ratio and child sex ratio (0-6 years).

  • Population of India - 1,210,193,421 with 623, 724, 248 males and 586,469 174 females.
  • Total literacy rate: 74.04%.
  • Density of population: 382 persons sq.km
  • Sex ratio: 940 females per 1000 male;
  • Child sex ratio: 914 females per 1000 Males

 

 

HIGH POPULATION

1

Uttar Pradesh

199,812,341

2

Maharashtra

112,374,333

3

Bihar

104,099,452

4

West Bengal

91,276,115

5

Andhra Pradesh

84,580,777

 



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