10th Class Social Science Money and Credit Question Bank 10th CBSE Social Science Money and Credit

  • question_answer   What do the banks do with the deposits which they accept from the public?


                      (i) Banks keep only a small portion of their deposits as cash with themselves, say about 15 per cent. (ii) This is kept as provisions to pay the depositors who might come to withdraw cash from the bank on any given day. (iii) Banks use the major portion of the deposits to extend loans. (iv) There is a huge demand for loans for various economic activities. (v) Banks make use of the deposits to meet the loan requirements of the people. (vi) In this way, banks mediate between those who have surplus funds (depositors) and those who are in need of these funds (the borrowers). (vii) Banks charge a higher interest rate on loans than what they offer on deposits. (viii) The difference between what is charged from borrowers and what is paid to depositors is their main source of income.

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