Since, the outer lane has a bigger circumference than the inner lane, more than
400 metre distance will be covered in one round of the track. Thus competitors
in the outer lane are placed ahead, so that they are given an equal opportunity
compared to the person in the inner lane.
If all the competitors start at the same line, the outer track
competitors will have to run a longer distance, which will not be fair. So, in
the first case, it will be a fair race.
Similarly, in a competition for jobs, if the Scheduled
Castes are given reservations, they can compete on an equal basis, because they
are educationally and culturally backward, although they may be fit, for the
job, for which they have applied.
(b) From the above passage I have learnt, the values like
impartiality and equality.
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